A Phase 2 Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Activity of BB3 as an Adjunct to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in Subjects Presenting With Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)
The study will evaluate the effect of BB3 to preserve myocardial (heart) tissue and function following myocardial infarction (heart attack).
Treatment of wastewaters containing hazardous substances such as dyes from the textile, paper, plastic and food industries is of great importance. Efficient technique for the removal of highly toxic organic dyes is adsorption. In this paper, adsorptive properties of the carbon-silica composite (C/SiO2) were evaluated for the cationic dyes C.I. Basic Blue 3 (BB3) and C.I. Basic Yellow 2 (BY2). The sorption capacities were determined as a function of temperature (924.6-1295.9 mg/g for BB3 and 716.3-733.2 mg/g for BY2 at 20-60 °C) using the batch method, and the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models were applied for the equilibrium data evaluation using linear and non-linear regression. The rate of dye adsorption from the 100 mg/L solution was very fast, after 5 min. of phase contact time 98% of BB3 and 86% of BY2 was removed by C/SiO2. Presence of the anionic (SDS), cationic (CTAB) and non-ionic (Triton X-100) surfactants in the amount of 0.25 g/L caused decrease in BB3 and BY2 uptake. The electrokinetic studies, including determination of the solid surface charge density and zeta potential of the composite suspensions in single and mixed adsorbate systems, were also performed. It was shown that presence of adsorption layers changes the structure of the electrical double layer formed on the solid surface, based on the evidence of changes in ionic composition of both surface layer and the slipping plane area. The greatest differences between suspension with and without adsorbates was obtained in the mixed dye + SDS systems; the main reason for this is the formation of dye-surfactant complexes in the solution and their adsorption at the interface.
2020-11-18·Chemical Communications (Cambridge, United Kingdom)2区 · 化学
A stable organic dye catholyte for long-life aqueous flow batteries
An organic dye, Basic blue 3 (BB3), was reported for the first time as a two-electron catholyte for aqueous redox flow batteries. The exceptional stability of BB3 enabled the full battery to achieve a high capacity retention of >99.991% per cycle during 1500 cycles.
2017-02-07·Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)3区 · 化学
Flavonoid Composition and Antitumor Activity of Bee Bread Collected in Northeast Portugal.
3区 · 化学
作者: Filipa Sobral ; Ricardo C Calhelha ; Lillian Barros ; Montserrat Dueñas ; Andreia Tomás ; Celestino Santos-Buelga ; Miguel Vilas-Boas ; Isabel C F R Ferreira
Bee bread (BB) is a fermented mixture of plant pollen, honey, and bee saliva that worker bees use as food for larvae, and for young bees to produce royal jelly. In the present study, five BB samples, collected from Apis mellifera iberiensis hives located in different apiaries near Bragança, in the northeast region of Portugal, and one BB commercial sample were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to a diode array detector and electrospray mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS) in terms of phenolic compounds, such as flavonoid glycoside derivatives. Furthermore, the samples were screened, using in vitro assays, against different human tumor cell lines, MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), NCI-H460 (non-small cell lung cancer), HeLa (cervical carcinoma) and HepG2 (hepatocellular carcinoma), and also against non-tumor liver cells (porcine liver cells, PLP2). The main phenolic compounds found were flavonol derivatives, mainly quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, isorhamnetin and herbacetrin glycoside derivatives. Thirty-two compounds were identified in the six BB samples, presenting BB1 and BB3 with the highest contents (6802 and 6480 µg/g extract, respectively) and the highest number of identified compounds. Two isorhamnetin glycoside derivatives, isrohamnetin-O-hexosyl-O-rutinoside and isorhamnetin-O-pentosyl-hexoside, were the most abundant compounds present in BB1; on the other hand, quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside was the most abundant flavonol in BB3. However, it was not possible to establish a correlation between the flavonoids and the observed low to moderate cytotoxicity (ranging from >400 to 68 µg/mL), in which HeLa and NCI-H460 cell lines were the most susceptible to the inhibition. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report characterizing glycosidic flavonoids in BB samples, contributing to the chemical knowledge of this less explored bee product.