In vitro and in vivo activity of GT-1, a novel siderophore cephalosporin, and GT-055, a broad-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor, against biothreat and ESKAPE pathogens
4区 · 医学
作者: Halasohoris, Stephanie A. ; Scarff, Jennifer M. ; Pysz, Lisa M. ; Lembirik, Sanae ; Lemmon, Margaret M. ; Biek, Donald ; Hannah, Brendan ; Zumbrun, Steven D. ; Panchal, Rekha G.
Antimicrobial-resistance (AMR) has become an increasingly difficult issue to overcome for bacteria associated with both community- and hospital-acquired infections as well as potential biodefense threats. The need to identify new therapeutics of novel classes and/or with unique mechanisms is critical to combatting AMR in the coming years. GT-1 (LCB10-0200), a siderophore-linked cephalosporin, is one such novel option and is formulated to be used either alone or in combination with a novel broad-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor, GT-055 (LCB18-055). This study assessed the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of GT-1 and GT-055 against a broad array of multi-drug resistant and biothreat pathogens. Here, we demonstrated sub-4 µg ml-1 efficacy against a number of pathogens in vitro. We further determined that in mice infected via aerosol route with Yersinia pestis, efficacy of GT-1/GT-055 treatment is at least equivalent to the comparator antibiotic, ciprofloxacin.
Antibacterial Activity of LCB10-0200 against Klebsiella pneumoniae.
3区 · 医学
作者: Sang-Hun Oh ; Young-Rok Kim ; Hee-Soo Park ; Kyu-Man Oh ; Young-Lag Cho ; Jin-Hwan Kwak
Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the important clinical organisms that causes various infectious diseases, including urinary tract infections, necrotizing pneumonia, and surgical wound infections. The increase in the incidence of multidrug-resistance K. pneumoniae is a major problem in public healthcare. Therefore, a novel antibacterial agent is needed to treat this pathogen. Here, we studied the in vitro and in vivo activities of a novel antibiotic LCB10-0200, a siderophore-conjugated cephalosporin, against clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae. In vitro susceptibility study found that LCB10-0200 showed potent antibacterial activity against K. pneumoniae, including the beta-lactamase producing strains. The in vivo efficacy of LCB10-0200 was examined in three different mouse infection models, including systemic, thigh, and urinary tract infections. LCB10-0200 showed more potent in vivo activity than ceftazidime in the three in vivo models against the drug-susceptible and drug-resistant K. pneumoniae strains. Taken together, these results show that LCB10-0200 is a potential antibacterial agent to treat infection caused by K. pneumoniae.
In Vitro Activity of a Novel Siderophore-Cephalosporin LCB10-0200 (GT-1), and LCB10-0200/Avibactam, against Carbapenem-Resistant Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strains at a Tertiary Hospital in Korea.
3区 · 医学
作者: Le Phuong Nguyen ; Chul Soon Park ; Naina Adren Pinto ; Hyunsook Lee ; Hyun Soo Seo ; Thao Nguyen Vu ; Hung Mai ; An H T Pham ; Eris Jang ; Young Lag Cho ; Karrie Goglin ; Kevin Nguyen ; Richard White ; Roshan D'Souza ; Derrick E Fouts ; Dongeun Yong
The siderophore-antibiotic conjugate LCB10-0200 (a.k.a. GT-1) has been developed to combat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, the in vitro activity of LCB10-0200 and LCB10-0200/avibactam (AVI) has been investigated against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of LCB10-0200, LCB10-0200/AVI, aztreonam, aztreonam/AVI, ceftazidime, ceftazidime/AVI, and meropenem were measured using the agar dilution method. Whole genome sequencing was performed using Illumina and the resistome was analyzed. LCB10-0200 displayed stronger activity than the comparator drugs in meropenem-resistant E. coli and K. pneumoniae, and the addition of AVI enhanced the LCB10-0200 activity to MIC ≤ 0.12 mg/L for 90.5% of isolates. In contrast, whereas LCB10-0200 alone showed potent activity against meropenem-resistant A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa at MIC ≤ 4 mg/L for 84.3% of isolates, the combination with AVI did not improve its activity. LCB10-0200/AVI was active against CTX-M-, SHV-, CMY-, and KPC- producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae, while LCB10-0200 alone was active against ADC-, OXA-, and VIM- producing A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa. Both LCB10-0200 and LCB10-0200/AVI displayed low activity against IMP- and NDM- producing strains. LCB10-0200 alone exhibited strong activity against selected strains. The addition of AVI significantly increased LCB10-0200 activity against carbapenem-resistant E. coli, K. pneumoniae.