2021-10-05·The Journal of infectious diseases2区 · 医学
Reduced Endometrial Ascension and Enhanced Reinfection Associated with IgG Antibodies to Specific Chlamydia trachomatis Proteins in Women at Risk for Chlamydia.
2区 · 医学
作者: Chuwen Liu ; Katrin Hufnagel ; Catherine M O'Connell ; Nilu Goonetilleke ; Neha Mokashi ; Tim Waterboer ; Tammy S Tollison ; Xinxia Peng ; Harold C Wiesenfeld ; Sharon L Hillier ; Xiaojing Zheng ; Toni Darville
Previous research revealed antibodies targeting Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) elementary bodies was not associated with reduced endometrial or incident infection in CT-exposed women. However, data on the role of CT protein-specific antibodies in protection are limited.
A whole-proteome CT array screening serum pools from CT-exposed women identified 121 immunoprevalent proteins. Individual sera were probed using a focused array. IgG antibody frequencies and endometrial or incident infection relationships were examined using Wilcoxon Rank sum test. The impact of breadth and magnitude of protein-specific IgGs on ascension and incident infection were examined using multivariable stepwise logistic regression. Complementary RNA-sequencing quantified CT gene transcripts in cervical swabs from infected women.
IgG to Pgp3 and CT005 were associated with reduced endometrial infection; anti-CT443, -CT486 and -CT123 were associated with increased incident infection. Increased breadth of protein recognition did not however predict protection from endometrial or incident infection. mRNAs for immunoprevalent CT proteins were highly abundant in the cervix.
Protein-specific CT antibodies are not sufficient to protect against ascending or incident infection but broad recognition of CT proteins by IgG correlates with cervical CT gene transcript abundance, suggesting CT protein abundance correlates with immunogenicity and signifies their potential as vaccine candidates.