Oral proprietary Chinese medicine for lupus nephritis: A bayesian network meta-analysis.
作者: Aitao Lin ; Zhiying Zhang ; Xiaoyu Liu ; Jinyu Wu
To analyze the efficacy and safety of proprietary Chinese medicines for the treatment of Lupus Nephritis (LN) based on the reticulated meta analysis. The study aim to provide evidence-based evidence for the clinical treatment of LN.
The studies related to the randomized controlled studies (RCTs) on the treatment of LN with oral proprietary Chinese medicines were obtained from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), SinoMed, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library databases since its inception-August 2022. Cochrane tools were used for risk bias assessment, Stata 13.0 and ADDIS 1.16.5 software were used for net evidence analysis.Results.1) 41 RCTs with 3124 L N patients were included, involving 9 types of proprietary Chinese medicines.2) The meta-analysis showed that in terms of efficacy, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were Xin Gan Bao Capsule (XGB) +western medicines (WM), Huang Kui Capsule (HK) + WM, Kun Xian Capsule (KX) + WM; in terms of reducing adverse event rate, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were Yi Shen Hua Shi Granules (YSHS) + WM, Jin Shui Bao Capsule (JSB) + WM, HK + WM; in terms of reducing 24 h urine protein, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were XGB + WM, YSHS + WM, Bai Ling Capsule (BL) + WM; in terms of reducing blood creatinine (Cr), the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were Yi Shen Granules (YS) + WM, JSB + WM, KX + WM; in terms of reducing urea nitrogen (BUN), the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were Shen Kang Capsule (SK) + WM, HK + WM, JSB + WM; in terms of reducing systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were JSB + WM, BL + WM, YSHS + WM; in terms of improving complement C3, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were HK + WM, XGB + WM, BL + WM; in terms of improving complement C4, the top 3 Chinese patent medicine interventions were KX + WM, YSHS + WM, BL + WM.
Xin Gan Bao Capsule has a good efficacy in improving efficiency and the level of complement C3, lowering 24 h urine protein. Jin Shui Bao Capsule and Huang Kui Capsule have a good efficacy in treating LN. However, more multicentre, large sample and high quality RCTs are needed for validation the results.
2023-01-01·Drug design, development and therapy
Shensong Yangxin Capsule Reduces the Susceptibility of Arrhythmia in db/db Mice via Inhibiting the Inflammatory Response Induced by Endothelium Dysfunction.
作者: Jiehan Zhang ; Hongrong Li ; Dandong Wang ; Jiaojiao Gu ; Yunlong Hou ; Yiling Wu
The aim of our study was to investigate the mechanism by which the Chinese compound Shensong Yangxin Capsule (SSYX) reduces susceptibility to arrhythmia in db/db mice.
The db/db mice without drug treatment served as the model group. Other-treated db/db mice were administered SSYX for 8 weeks. Electrocardiogram (ECG), electrical mapping, pathological changes, immunofluorescence staining, real-time quantitative PCR, and Western blot analyses were then conducted.
SSYX decreased arrhythmia susceptibility and shortened the abnormal ECG parameters of db/db mice. Meanwhile, SSYX restored irregular conduction direction and shortened the conduction time of the isolated heart. HE and Masson staining showed that SSYX alleviated inflammatory infiltration and collagen fiber deposition. Western blot showed that SSYX decreased the protein expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and MCP-1 and increased the protein expression of occludin, ZO-1, eNOS, and Cx43. SSYX also increased the content of NO, decreased ET-1, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1, and CCR-2 mRNA expression, and increased Kv 4.2, Kv 4.3, Cav 1.2, and Nav 1.5 mRNA expression. Furthermore, SSYX decreased the fluorescence intensity of F4/80 and iNOS, increased the fluorescence intensity of CD31 and eNOS, and improved the Cx43 and α-actinin connection structure in cardiac tissues. The above therapeutic effects of SSYX were inhibited by L-NAME.
SSYX reduced the susceptibility of db/db mice to arrhythmia by inhibiting the inflammatory response and macrophage polarization, and this effect of SSYX occurred through protection of endothelial cell function.
2021-06-29·Journal of separation science3区 · 化学
Urinary metabolomics analysis of the protective effects of Daming capsule on hyperlipidemia rats using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
3区 · 化学
作者: Wenting Zhao ; Ran An ; Fangtong Liu ; Jintao Gu ; Yue Sun ; Silun Xu ; Yumiao Pan ; Zhiyuan Gao ; Hongyu Ji ; Zhimin Du
Hyperlipidemia is recognized as one of the most important risk factors for morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases. Daming capsule, a Chinese patent medicine, has shown definitive efficacy in patients with hyperlipidemia. In this study, serum biochemistry and histopathology assessment were used to investigate the lipid-lowering effect of Daming capsule. Furthermore, urinary metabolomics based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was conducted to identify the urinary biomarkers associated with hyperlipidemia and discover the underlying mechanisms of the antihyperlipidemic action of Daming capsule. After 10 weeks of treatment, Daming capsule significantly lowered serum lipid levels and ameliorated hepatic steatosis induced by a high-fat diet. A total of 33 potential biomarkers associated with hyperlipidemia were identified, among which 26 were robustly restored to normal levels after administration of Daming capsule. Pathway analysis revealed that the lipid-lowering effect of Daming capsule is related to the regulation of multiple metabolic pathways including vitamin B and amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and pentose phosphate pathway. Notably, the study demonstrates that metabolomics is a powerful tool to elucidate the multitarget mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines, thereby promoting their research and development.