2023-12-01·Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry
Design, synthesis, docking, MD simulations, and anti-proliferative evaluation of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives as new EGFR inhibitors.
作者: Eman A Sobh ; Mohammed A Dahab ; Eslam B Elkaeed ; Aisha A Alsfouk ; Ibrahim M Ibrahim ; Ahmed M Metwaly ; Ibrahim H Eissa
A group of EGFR inhibitors derived from thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine nucleus was designed, synthesised, and examined as anti-proliferative lead compounds. MCF-7 and A549 cell lines were inhibited by 5b, the most active member. It had inhibitory partialities of 37.19 and 204.10 nM against EGFRWT and EGFRT790M, respectively. Compound 5b was 2.5 times safer against the WI-38 normal cell lines than erlotinib. Also, it demonstrated considerable potentialities for both early and late apoptosis induction in A549. Simultaneously, 5b arrested A549's growth at G1 and G2/M phases. Harmoniously, 5b upregulated the BAX and downregulated the Bcl-2 genes by 3-fold and increased the BAX/Bcl-2 ratio by 8.3-fold comparing the untreated A549 cells. Molecular docking against EGFRWT and EGFRT790M indicated the correct binding modes. Furthermore, MD simulations confirmed the precise binding of 5b against the EGFR protein over 100 ns. Finally, various computational ADMET studies were carried out and indicated high degrees of drug-likeness and safety.
2023-08-02·Computational biology and chemistry
Synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular modelling of novel quinoxaline-isoxazole hybrid as anti-hyperglycemic.
作者: Lacksany Phongphane ; Siti Nurshahira Mohd Radzuan ; Mohamad Hafizi Abu Bakar ; Mohammad Tasyriq Che Omar ; Unang Supratman ; Desi Harneti ; Habibah A Wahab ; Mohamad Nurul Azmi
In our effort to develop potent anti-hyperglycemic compounds with inhibitory activity against α-amylase and α-glucosidase, a series of novel quinoxaline-isoxazole moieties were synthesized. The novel quinoxaline-isoxazole derivatives were assessed in vitro for their anti-hyperglycemic activities on α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitions. The results revealed promising IC50 values compared to acarbose as a positive control for α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Among them, N-Ethyl-7-chloro-3-((3-phenylisoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)quinoxalin-2-amine 5b showed dual inhibitory with IC50 of 24.0 µM for α-amylase and 41.7 µM for α-glucosidase. In addition, N-Ethyl-7-methoxy-3-((3-(2-chlorophenyl)isoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)quinoxalin-2-amine 5j also had dual bioactivities against α-amylase and α-glucosidase with IC50 of 17.0 and 40.1 µM, respectively. Nevertheless, two more compounds N-Ethyl-7-cyano-3-((3-phenylisoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)quinoxaline-2-amine 5e showed strong mono-inhibition for α-glucosidase with IC50 of 16.6 µM followed by N-Ethyl-7-methoxy-3-((3-phenylisoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)quinoxalin-2-amine 5 f with IC50 of 18.6 µM. The molecular docking study for α-glucosidase inhibitor provided the binding energy ranging from 8.3 to 9.1 kcal/mol and α-amylase inhibitor showed the binding energy score at 8.4 and 8.5 kcal/mol. The dual inhibitions nature of 5b and 5j were further analyzed and confirmed via molecular dynamics including the stability of the compound, interaction energy, binding free energy, and the interaction residue analysis using the MM-GBSA approach. The results showed that compound 5j was the most potent compound. Lastly, the drug-likeness properties were also evaluated with all synthesized compounds 5a-5j and the results reveal that all potent compounds meet Lipinski's rules of five.
2023-07-29·European journal of medicinal chemistry
5-Cyano substituted diarylpyridines as potent HIV-1 NNRTIs: Rational design, synthesis, and activity evaluation.
作者: Hao Song ; Yu Xia ; Tao Zhang ; Caiyun Dun ; Bairu Meng ; Erik De Clercq ; Christophe Pannecouque ; Dongwei Kang ; Peng Zhan ; Xinyong Liu
To develop more potent HIV-1 inhibitors against a variety of NNRTIs-resistant strains, a series of 5-cyano substituted diarylpyridines was designed based on the cocrystal structural analysis. Among them, I-5b showed the greatest potency (EC50 = 5.62-171 nM) against the wild-type (WT) and mutant HIV-1 strains. Especially for K103 N, I-5b exhibited outstanding activity with EC50 values of 9.37 nM, being much superior to that of NVP (EC50 = 5128 nM) and EFV (EC50 = 114 nM) and comparable to that of ETR (EC50 = 3.45 nM). In addition, the target of all compounds was turned out to be HIV-1 RT with moderate RT enzyme inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.094-12.0 μM). Moreover, the binding mode of representative compounds with RT was elaborated via molecular docking.