To present our initial experience with periurethral adjustable continence therapy (ACT™) for urinary incontinence due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) in children.
This is an approved prospective non-randomized pilot study (NCT03351634) aiming to treat children born with spinal dysraphism (SD) or exstrophy epispadias complex (EEC) with ACT™. Endpoints were patient-reported changes in daily pad count, 24-h Pad test and complications.
Since April 2018, 13 children (six girls, seven boys) were implanted at the median age of 12 years (5-16). The etiology of incontinence was neurogenic ISD (7/13, 54%) and EEC (6/13, 46%). After ACT™ implantation, continence (no pad or 1 security pad/day) was achieved in 9(69%) patients (5/7 SD, 4/6 EEC). Additionally, two (15%) patients had a significant improvement (decreasing Pad test from 1049 to 310 g at 3 months). One patient (7%) had no improvement. Results were stable at 21 months (6-43) of follow-up. Mean final balloon volume was 2.89 ml (± 0.85) with a median of 3 fillings to obtain continence. We had four revisions due to cutaneous port erosion (n = 3) and balloon migration (n = 1) and two definitive explantations. PinQ score was significantly improved (47 vs 40.5 with balloon, p = ns). Neither degradation of the upper urinary tract nor cystomanometric changes have been observed at 6 and 12 months postoperatively.
Urinary incontinence due to ISD owing to EEC or SD can be successfully treated with ACT™ periurethral balloons. Given the minimal invasiveness of this therapy, it might be a first-line option treatment in children with complex stress urinary incontinence.
2023-07-01·The World Allergy Organization journal
Birch-induced allergic rhinitis: Results of exposure during nasal allergen challenge, environmental chamber, and pollen season
作者: Gherasim, Alina ; Dietsch, Frank ; Beck, Marine ; Domis, Nathalie ; de Blay, Frederic
Pollen variation can affect field study data quality. Nasal allergen challenge (NAC) is considered the gold standard for evaluating allergic rhinitis, while environmental exposure chambers (EECs) are mainly used in phase 2 drug development studies. We aimed to study birch-induced allergic rhinitis under 3 different conditions.
This study included 30 participants allergic to birch pollen, based on birch skin prick test, specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), and positive NAC. Participants were exposed to placebo twice, followed by 2 consecutive 4-h birch airborne exposures, repeated on 2 occasions to evaluate reproducibility and priming effect. Nasal response was defined as total corrected nasal symptom score (ΔTNSS) ≥ 5 during NAC and EEC. The primary end-point was to measure TNSS during the last 2 h of first allergen exposure. TNSS was also analyzed during natural exposure.
The dose most commonly yielding positive TNSS during NAC was 175.2 ng/200 μL. Eighteen participants experienced ΔTNSS ≥5 during the last 2 h of the first exposure, whereas 21 had positive responses at all 4 exposures. Mean ΔTNSS was 1 with placebo versus 6 with birch. Exposures were reproducible, with no observed priming effect. Airborne Bet v 1 was 25 ng/m3, while the pollen measurement was 279/m3 during pollen season. TNSS reached 5 in 67.9% of participants during peak pollen season.
EEC outcomes were similar to those obtained with NAC and natural exposure, suggesting the usefulness of EEC in allergic rhinitis studies. The primary end-point was reached, as 60% of participants experienced nasal responses.
Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal Dysplasia-Cleft Syndrome: Ocular Findings and Surgical Treatment.
作者: Lea D Grauhan ; Adrian Gericke ; Felix B Brueggemann ; Norbert Pfeiffer ; Joanna Wasielica-Poslednik
Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft (EEC) syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. We present ocular findings and their treatment in patients with EEC.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
We report on 3 female patients (aged 59, 45, and 11 years) suffering from EEC with varying extraocular and ocular severity of phenotypic expression of the disease. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy, visual acuity, and medical treatment were evaluated over 4 months to 4 years. All patients experienced visual impairment and foreign body sensation. Examination revealed bilateral chronic blepharitis, dry eye syndrome, and corneal vascularization and clouding due to limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). Patient #1 presented a corneal ulcer with severe stromal thinning on the right eye. Allogeneic simple limbal epithelial transplantation (allo SLET), penetrating keratoplasty combined with allo SLET, and in total 5 amniotic membrane transplantation were performed to preserve the integrity of the eye. In patients #2 and #3, conservative therapy with lubricant eye drops, topical steroids, and antibiotics was sufficient to stabilize LSCD. In all cases, corneal epithelialization and improvement of visual acuity were achieved.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPORTANCE:
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of surgical treatment in a patient with EEC. Allo SLET may be a surgical option to treat LSCD associated with EEC.