The antibacterial activities of NE-2001 were tested against 24 clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori and compared with those of amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, and furazolidone. The MIC(50) and MIC(90) of this synthetic compound on the isolates were 8 and 16 mug/ml, respectively. This action was highly selective against Helicobacter pylori; there was a >4-fold difference between the concentration of NE-2001 required to inhibit the growth of Helicobacter pylori and that required to inhibit the growth of common aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Exposure of Helicobacter pylori (ATCC43504) to NE-2001 at the MIC (4 mug/ml), or at a greater concentration, resulted in an extensive loss of viability. The phenomenon was also observed at pH levels between 3.0 and 7.0. When two clinical Helicobacter pylori strains were successively cultured at subinhibitory concentrations of NE-2001, no significant changes in the bactericidal effects were found. The morphological alterations of Helicobacter pylori cells (ATCC43504), exposed to NE-2001 at various concentrations for 6 h, were observed using transmission electron microcopy. The bacterium displayed features such as swelling, vacuole-like structures in the cytoplasm, and cell destruction following exposure to NE-2001. The efficacy of NE-2001 was maintained when evaluated in eight clinical isolates resistant to metronidazole and five isolates resistant to both metronidazole and clarithromycin (MIC ranging between 4 and 16 mug/ml). The above-described results suggest that NE-2001 may have the potential to be developed as a candidate agent for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.
The synthesis and anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of a novel agent NE2001, 4-(4-methylbenzyl)-4'-[guanidinomethylbenzoyloxy] biphenyl-4-carboxylate hydrochloride, are described. NE2001 had a specific inhibitory effect on the growth of H. pylori preceded by the suppression DNA synthesis in the cell. The effects of NE2001 on RNA and protein syntheses in H. pylori were also examined.