Downregulation of VPS13C promotes cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer by upregulating GSTP1.
作者: Xiangyu Tan ; Xueqian Wang ; Xueyao Liao ; Xin Wang ; Zhichao Jiang ; Wenjia Liang ; Chen Cao ; Danni Gong ; Zheng Hu ; Xun Tian
Cisplatin resistance remains a major obstacle limiting the effectiveness of chemotherapy in cervical cancer. However, the underlying mechanism of cisplatin resistance is still unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that vacuolar protein sorting 13 homolog C (VPS13C) deficiency promotes cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer. Moreover, through an RNA sequencing screen, VPS13C deficiency was identified as negatively correlated with the high expression of glutathione S-transferase pi gene (GSTP1). Mechanistically, loss of VPS13C contributes to cisplatin resistance by influencing the expression of GSTP1 and inhibiting the downstream c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. In addition, targeting GSTP1 with the inhibitor NBDHEX effectively rescued the cisplatin resistance induced by VPS13C deficiency. Overall, our findings provide insights into the underlying mechanisms of VPS13C in cisplatin resistance and identify VPS13C as a promising candidate for the treatment of chemoresistance in cervical cancer.
6-(7-Nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio) Hexanol Inhibits Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis of Endometriosis by Regulating Glutathione S-Transferase Mu Class 4.
作者: Wei Liu ; Lei Cheng ; Yanbo Du ; Xiaoqiang Liu ; Jinlong Ma ; Lei Yan
Endometriosis is a chronic disease associated with a disrupted oxidative balance and chronic inflammation. In this study, we investigated the role of glutathione S-transferase Mu class 4 (GSTM4) in endometriosis and determined whether 6-(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio) hexanol (NBDHEX) regulates GSTM4 expression to affect cellular functions and oxidative stress. GSTM4 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in endometrium from 15 endometriosis patients and 15 healthy controls. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of GSTM4, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), Survivin, B-cell lymphoma-extra-large (Bcl-XL), Bax, kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in primary endometrial stromal cells with endometriosis (EESC) and normal endometrial stromal cells (NESC). The effects of NBDHEX on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) and Transwell assays. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of GSTM4 was significantly increased in endometrium from endometriosis patients. Upon NBDHEX treatment, ESC exhibited reduced proliferation, migration and invasion abilities, and increased apoptosis. NBDHEX decreased the expression of endometriosis prognostic markers (PCNA and MMP-9) and anti-apoptotic proteins (Survivin and Bcl-xl), while it increased the expression of the apoptotic protein Bax. It had no effect on Keap1 expression, and it decreased the expression of Nrf2. The effect of siRNA-mediated knockdown of GSTM4 was similar to that of suppressing GSTM4 expression with NBDHEX treatment. These results indicate that GSTM4 is highly expressed in endometriosis and its expression is inhibited by NBDHEX. Decreased expression of GSTM4 inhibits cell growth, migration, and invasion, and negatively regulates Nrf2 to affect oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. Our results suggest that GSTM4 may play a role in ameliorating the progression of endometriosis. NBDHEX may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of endometriosis.
NBDHEX re-sensitizes adriamycin-resistant breast cancer by inhibiting glutathione S-transferase pi.
作者: Huanhuan Sha ; Renrui Zou ; Ya Lu ; Yujie Gan ; Rong Ma ; Jifeng Feng ; Dan Chen
Adriamycin is a novel chemotherapeutic agent of great benefit for treating breast cancer. However, adriamycin -resistance remains a major obstacle. The vital Glutathione transferase P1 (GSTPi) inhibitor 6-(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio) hexanol (NBDHEX) has recently shown antitumor activity in various cancers. In this study, we analyzed the effect of NBDHEX and adriamycin combination against breast cancer in vitro and in vivo.
CCK-8 assay was performed to test cell viability. The location and expression level of GSTpi was determined by immunofluorescence and Western blot in cells and immunohistochemistry staining in tissues. The enzyme activity test was applied to detect the effect of NBDHEX on the activity of GSTpi. The apoptosis related proteins' expression was tested using Western blot. The phosphorylation sites of GSTpi were detected by mass spectrometry. Antitumor effects of single treatment or co-administration of adriamycin and NBDHEX were evaluated in nude mice.
NBDHEX treatment inhibited GSTpi enzyme activity and co-administration of adriamycin and NBDHEX promoted apoptosis of adriamycin-resistance breast cancer cell. Moreover, drug combination of NBDHEX and adriamycin significantly enhanced tumor growth inhibition compared with single agent.
NBDHEX serves as a good candidate for combination with adriamycin, offering new insights for breast cancer treatment.