To assess the efficacy of the newly synthesized selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist, BN-063 (1-cyclopropylisoguanosine), against myocardial reperfusion injury, 31 rats underwent 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion and 1 h of reperfusion. Animals were randomly assigned to four groups: control, I0.5-R0.5, in which BN-063 (0.5 mg/kg i.v. bolus) was administered during both ischemia and reperfusion, R-0.5 and R-1.0, in which BN-063 was administered only during reperfusion at 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg, respectively. The area at risk was determined by intravascular injection of blue dye during coronary artery occlusion, which was performed by retightening the ligature at the end of reperfusion, and infarct size was determined by incubation of heart slices in nitro blue tetrazolium chloride. A significant reduction in infarct size, as a percentage of the area at risk, was noted with all three BN-063 treatment groups (control: 63.5 +/- 4.0%, I0.5-R0.5: 39.6 +/- 3.7%, R-0.5: 37.5 +/- 3.5%, R-1.0: 38.1 +/- 5.2%). However, the I0.5-R0.5 group did not shown a more beneficial effect than the other two BN-063-treated groups. In addition, BN-063 exerted a protective effect on the number of ventricular premature contractions associated with reperfusion (control: 906 +/- 52, I0.5-R0.5: 325 +/- 61, R-0.5: 321 +/- 95, R-1.0: 340 +/- 46). The results of this study demonstrate that BN-063, through activation of adenosine A1 receptors, exerts antiarrhythmic and anti-infarct effects during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Therefore, BN-063 would be useful clinically in the treatment and prevention of acute myocardial infarction.
1994-08-01·British Journal of Pharmacology2区 · 医学
Antiarrhythmic effects of BN-063, a newly synthesized adenosine A1 agonist, on myocardial ischemia in rats
1. It has been shown that adenosine is able to reduce the severity of arrhythmias induced by myocardial ischaemia. In isolated preparations, the antiarrhythmic effect of adenosine on ventricular myocardium is known to antagonize the catecholamine-induced stimulation of intracellular cyclic AMP production, an effect mediated via adenosine A1 receptors. 2. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiarrhythmic effect of BN-063 (1-cyclopropylisoguanosine), a newly synthesized selective adenosine A1 agonist, on ventricular arrhythmias in rats. 3. Arrhythmias were induced by left coronary artery ligation or by administration of isoprenaline (7 mg kg-1) subcutaneously. Pretreatment with BN-063 (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg kg-1) 10 min prior to occlusion significantly delayed the onset of ventricular arrhythmias, reduced the total number of ventricular premature contraction (VPC) and ventricular tachycardia (VT), decreased the incidence of VT and ventricular fibrillation (VF) and mortality during the first 30 min following left coronary artery ligation. In contrast, pretreatment with 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), an adenosine A1 antagonist, was arrhythmogenic during the ischaemic period. The rate-pressure product, an index for indirect measurement of myocardial oxygen consumption, was also significantly reduced by BN-063 during ligation time. 4. The incidence of VT, VF and mortality was also significantly reduced when BN-063 was administered after left coronary artery ligation. 5. BN-063 converted the VF induced by isoprenaline to normal sinus rhythm and improved the survival rate. 6. It is concluded that, through activation of adenosine A1 receptors, BN-063 can suppress ventricular arrhythmias induced by myocardial ischaemia and catecholamines. The antiarrhythmic actions of BN-063 may be mediated by reducing heart rate and antagonizing the stimulatory effects of catecholamine in myocardial ischaemia.
1993-10-19·European Journal of Pharmacology3区 · 医学
Doridosine derivatives: binding at adenosine receptors and in vivo effects
3区 · 医学
作者: Tao, Pao Luh ; Yen, Mao Hsiung ; Shyu, Woei Shyong ; Chern, Ji Wang
Doridosine, an adenosine analogue, causes, in vivo, hypotension, reduction of heart rates, muscle relaxation and anti-inflammatory effects through adenosine A1 and A2 receptors. A series of doridosine derivatives was synthesized in a search for compounds with more selective adenosine A1 receptor activity. These derivatives were characterized for binding to the respective adenosine receptors and for their cardiovascular effects. We used competition binding studies with highly selective radioligands: [3H]cyclohexyladenosine for adenosine A1 and [3H]CGS 21680 for adenosine A2 binding assays. The results for eight doridosine derivatives revealed that 1-cyclopropylisoguanosine (BN-063) and 1-allylisoguanosine (AZ-108-1) were more selective for the adenosine A1 receptor. In vivo, both BN-063 and AZ-108-1 caused significant bradycardia but no obvious effect on blood pressure. The bradycardia was almost completely blocked by 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX, a specific adenosine A1 receptor antagonist).