Significance of PBRM1 mutation in disease progress and drug selection in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
作者: Donghua He ; Tianyan Ma ; Ni Yi ; Sijie Zhang ; Guanxiong Ding
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the predominant type of kidney cancer, and the mutation of PBRM1 (Polybromo 1) gene is a commonly observed genetic alteration. The high frequency of PBRM1 mutation in ccRCC suggests its potential use as a biomarker for personalized therapy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the significance of PBRM1 mutation in disease progression and drug sensitivity in ccRCC. Additionally, we analyzed the critical pathways and genes associated with PBRM1 mutation to understand its potential mechanisms. Our findings show that PBRM1 mutation was observed in 38% of ccRCC patients and correlated with advanced disease stages. We also identified selective inhibitors for ccRCC with PBRM1 mutation using online databases such as PD173074 and AGI-6780. Furthermore, we identified 1253 genes as differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were significantly enriched in categories such as metabolic progression, cell proliferation, and development. Although PBRM1 mutation did not show an association with ccRCC prognosis, a lower PBRM1 expression level correlated with worsened prognosis. Our study provides insights into the association of PBRM1 mutation with disease progression in ccRCC and suggests potential gene and signaling pathways for personalized treatment in ccRCC with PBRM1 mutation.
DIA-based Proteomics Identifies IDH2 as a Targetable Regulator of Acquired Drug Resistance in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
1区 · 生物学
作者: Wei Liu ; Yaoting Sun ; Weigang Ge ; Fangfei Zhang ; Lin Gan ; Yi Zhu ; Tiannan Guo ; Kexin Liu
Drug resistance is a critical obstacle to effective treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). To understand the underlying resistance mechanisms in response to imatinib (IMA) and adriamycin (ADR), the parental K562 cells were treated with low doses of IMA or ADR for two months to generate derivative cells with mild, intermediate and severe resistance to the drugs as defined by their increasing resistance index (RI). PulseDIA-based quantitative proteomics was then employed to reveal the proteome changes in these resistant cells. In total, 7082 proteotypic proteins from 98,232 peptides were identified and quantified from the dataset using four DIA software tools including OpenSWATH, Spectronaut, DIA-NN, and EncyclopeDIA. Sirtuin Signaling Pathway was found to be significantly enriched in both ADR- and IMA-resistant K562 cells. In particular, IDH2 was identified as a potential drug target correlated with the drug resistance phenotype, and its inhibition by the antagonist AGI-6780 reversed the acquired resistance in K562 cells to either ADR or IMA. Together, our study has implicated IDH2 as a potential target that can be therapeutically leveraged to alleviate the drug resistance in K562 cells when treated with IMA and ADR.
2020-04-03·Cell communication and signaling : CCS2区 · 生物学
Identification of a selective inhibitor of IDH2/R140Q enzyme that induces cellular differentiation in leukemia cells.
2区 · 生物学
作者: Jiao Chen ; Jie Yang ; Qingyun Wei ; Ling Weng ; Fei Wu ; Yun Shi ; Xiaolan Cheng ; Xueting Cai ; Chunping Hu ; Peng Cao
IDH2/R140Q mutation is frequently detected in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It contributes to leukemia via accumulation of oncometabolite D-2-HG. Therefore, mutant IDH2 is a promising target for AML. Discovery of IDH2 mutant inhibitors is in urgent need for AML therapy.
Structure-based in silico screening and enzymatic assays were used to identify IDH2/R140Q inhibitors. Molecular docking, mutant structure building and molecular dynamics simulations were applied to investigate the inhibitory mechanism and selectivity of CP-17 on IDH2/R140Q. TF-1 cells overexpressed IDH2/R140Q mutant were used to study the effects of CP-17 on cellular proliferation and differentiation, the wild-type TF-1 cells were used as control. The intracellular D-2-HG production was measured by LC-MS. The histone methylation was evaluated with specific antibodies by western blot.
CP-17, a heterocyclic urea amide compound, was identified as a potent inhibitor of IDH2/R140Q mutant by in silico screening and enzymatic assay. It exhibits excellent inhibitory activity with IC50 of 40.75 nM against IDH2/R140Q. More importantly, it shows poor activity against the wild-type IDH1/2, resulting in a high selectivity of over 55 folds, a dramatic improvement over previously developed inhibitors such as AGI-6780 and Enasidenib. Molecular simulations suggested that CP-17 binds to IDH2/R140Q at the allosteric site within the dimer interface through extensive polar and hydrophobic interactions, locking the enzyme active sites in open conformations with abolished activity to produce D-2-HG. Cellular assay results demonstrated that CP-17 inhibits intracellular D-2-HG production and suppresses the proliferation of TF-1 erythroleukemia cells carrying IDH2/R140Q mutant. Further, CP-17 also restores the EPO-induced differentiation that is blocked by the mutation and decreases hypermethylation of histone in the TF-1(IDH2/R140Q) cells.
These results indicate that CP-17 can serve as a lead compound for the development of inhibitory drugs against AML with IDH2/R140Q mutant. Video abstract.