To obtain gastroprokinetic agents with more potent and selective activity than metoclopramide and cisapride, a series of N-(4-benzyl-2-morpholinylmethyl)benzamides were designed and prepared. Their synthesis and structure-activity relationships were described. As a result, mosapride was selected as a promising candidate for potent gastroprokinetic activity with selective 5-HT4 receptor agonistic activity. As an extension to this project, the novel benzamide and the carboxamide derivatives having 1-benzyl-4-methylhexahydro-1,4-diazepine ring in the amine moiety were prepared and evaluated for 5-HT3 receptor antagonistic activity. DAT-582 was identified as an antiemetic agent in cancer chemotherapy. The asymmetric synthesis of DAT-582 and the SAR studies were briefly reviewed. In further modifications of the N-(1-benzyl-4-methylhexahydro-1,4-diazepin-6-yl)benzamides, the novel nicotinamides with 1-ethyl-4-methylhexahydro-1,4-diazepin ring were found to have potent 5-HT3 and dopamine D2 and D3 receptor antagonistic activities and to show weak central nervous system depression and extrapyramidal syndrome. After extensive SARs, AS-8112 was selected as a broad antiemetic agent.
1992-08-14·European Journal of Pharmacology3区 · 医学
AS-5370 potently antagonizes 5-HT3 receptor-mediated responses on NG108-15 cells and on the rat vagus
3区 · 医学
作者: Newberry, Nigel R. ; Sprosen, Timothy S. ; Watkins, Clare J. ; Leslie, Ronald A. ; Grahame-Smith, David G.
The action of a novel 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, AS-5370, has been studied on two electrophysiological models for 5-HT3 receptors: whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse neuroblastoma-rat glioma (NG108-15) cells and grease-gap recordings from rat isolated vagus nerve. The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced fast inward current of voltage-clamped NG108-15 cells was antagonized by 1 nM AS-5370 in an insurmountable manner. On the rat vagus, AS-5370 reduced the maximum depolarizing response to 5-HT in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 for AS-5370 on the rat vagus was 0.3-1.0 nM. The EC50 for 5-HT on the rat vagus was not appreciably affected by AS-5370. On the rat vagus, the (R) enantiomer of AS-5370 was about 30 times more potent than the (S) enantiomer. The antagonist action of AS-5370 on these two cell types was compared with that of (+)-tubocurarine. Unlike tubocurarine, the effect of AS-5370 on NG108-15 cells was not readily reversed during wash. On the rat vagus, tubocurarine antagonized in a competitive manner with an IC50 of 0.3-1.0 microM (pKb = 7.2). It is concluded that AS-5370 is a potent 5-HT3 receptor antagonist on both NG108-15 cells and the rat vagus, but it does not act in a competitive manner.
1992-06-17·European Journal of Pharmacology3区 · 医学
5-HT3 receptor antagonist effects of DAT-582, (R) enantiomer of AS-5370
The serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist effects of DAT-582, the (R) enantiomer of AS-5370 ((+/-)-N-[1-methyl-4-(3-methyl-benzyl)hexahydro-1H-1,4-diazepin-6- yl]-1H- indazole-3-carboxamide dihydrochloride), and its antipode were compared with those of AS-5370 and existing 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. In anesthetized rats, DAT-582 antagonized 2-methyl-5-HT-induced bradycardia with an ED50 value of 0.25 microgram/kg i.v., whereas the (S) enantiomer was without effect even at 1000 micrograms/kg i.v. In antagonizing the bradycardia, DAT-582 was as potent as granisetron, slightly more potent than AS-5370, and 2, 5 and 18 times more potent than ondansetron, ICS 205-903 and renzapride, respectively, although it was less potent than zacopride. DAT-582 inhibited cisplatin (10 mg/kg i.v.)-induced emesis in ferrets with an ED50 value of 3.2 micrograms/kg i.v. twice. The antiemetic activity of DAT-582 was more potent than that of the existing 5-HT3 receptor antagonists examined, except zacopride. In contrast, the (S) enantiomer had little effect at 1000 micrograms/kg i.v. twice. In isolated guinea-pig ileum, DAT-582 inhibited 5-HT-induced contractions with an IC50 value of 91 nM, whereas the (S) enantiomer hardly inhibited them even at 1000 nM. These results suggest that DAT-582, the (R) enantiomer of AS-5370, potently and selectively blocks 5-HT3 receptors.