A Phase 1 Safety and Tolerability Study of FPT155 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
This study is a Phase 1 open-label, first-in-human, multicenter study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and activity of FPT155 as monotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Triggering of lymphocytes by CD28, 4-1BB, and PD-1 checkpoints to enhance the immune response capacities.
作者: Elina Kaviani ; Ahmad Hosseini ; Elham Mahmoudi Maymand ; Mani Ramzi ; Abbas Ghaderi ; Amin Ramezani
Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) usually become exhausted and dysfunctional owing to chronic contact with tumor cells and overexpression of multiple inhibitor receptors. Activation of TILs by targeting the inhibitory and stimulatory checkpoints has emerged as one of the most promising immunotherapy prospectively. We investigated whether triggering of CD28, 4-1BB, and PD-1 checkpoints simultaneously or alone could enhance the immune response capacity of lymphocytes. In this regard, anti-PD-1, CD80-Fc, and 4-1BBL-Fc proteins were designed and produced in CHO-K1 cells as an expression host. Following confirmation of the Fc fusion proteins' ability to bind to native targets expressed on engineered CHO-K1 cells (CHO-K1/hPD-1, CHO-K1/hCD28, CHO-K1/hCTLA4, and CHO-K1/h4-1BB), the effects of each protein, on its own and in various combinations, were assessed in vitro on T cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, and cytokines secretion using the Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) assay, 7-AAD/CFSE cell-mediated cytotoxicity assay, and a LEGENDplex™ Human Th Cytokine Panel, respectively. MLR results demonstrated that T cell proliferation in the presence of the combinations of anti-PD-1/CD80-Fc, CD80-Fc/4-1BBL-Fc, and anti-PD-1/CD80-Fc/4-1BBL-Fc proteins was significantly higher than in the untreated condition (1.83-, 1.91-, and 2.02-fold respectively). Furthermore, anti-PD-1 (17%), 4-1BBL-Fc (19.2%), anti-PD-1/CD80-Fc (18.6%), anti-PD-1/4-1BBL-Fc (21%), CD80-Fc/4-1BBL-Fc (18.5%), and anti-PD-1/CD80-Fc/4-1BBL-Fc (17.3%) significantly enhanced cytotoxicity activity compared to untreated condition (7.8%). However, concerning the cytokine production, CD80-Fc and 4-1BBL-Fc alone or in combination significantly increased the secretion of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-2 compared with the untreated conditions. In conclusion, this research establishes that the various combinations of produced anti-PD-1, CD80-Fc, and 4-1BBL-Fc proteins can noticeably induce the immune response in vitro. Each of these combinations may be effective in killing or destroying cancer cells depending on the type and stage of cancer.
2021-01-01·Bioanalysis4区 · 医学
Magnetic bead extraction with acid dissociation immunoassay for the determination of serum CD80-Fc fusion protein.
4区 · 医学
作者: Rosanna Kwok ; Ago B Ahene ; Mason Brown ; Christopher Hunter
Background: To detect concentrations of subtherapeutic doses of the CD80-Fc fusion protein FPT155 in serum in Phase I studies, a highly sensitive assay was developed. Materials & methods: FPT155 was purified from human serum using magnetic beads coupled to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4. After washing away the serum components, FTP155 was released by acid dissociation and neutralization. The eluted drug was quantified in an ELISA using cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 as a capture reagent and biotinylated anti-human Fc for detection. The assay was validated with a calibration range of 5-40 ng/ml and a dilutional integrity of up to 100,000 ng/ml. Conclusion: A highly sensitive assay to determine serum concentrations of FPT155 using readily available reagents was developed. The results were in conformity with theoretical calculations.
2020-01-01·Frontiers in immunology2区 · 医学
Adjuvant Screen Identifies Synthetic DNA-Encoding Flt3L and CD80 Immunotherapeutics as Candidates for Enhancing Anti-tumor T Cell Responses.
2区 · 医学
作者: Amy Haseley Thorne ; Kirsten N Malo ; Ashley J Wong ; Tricia T Nguyen ; Neil Cooch ; Charles Reed ; Jian Yan ; Kate E Broderick ; Trevor R F Smith ; Emma L Masteller ; Laurent Humeau
Overcoming tolerance to tumor-associated antigens remains a hurdle for cancer vaccine-based immunotherapy. A strategy to enhance the anti-tumor immune response is the inclusion of adjuvants to cancer vaccine protocols. In this report, we generated and systematically screened over twenty gene-based molecular adjuvants composed of cytokines, chemokines, and T cell co-stimulators for the ability to increase anti-tumor antigen T cell immunity. We identified several robust adjuvants whose addition to vaccine formulations resulted in enhanced T cell responses targeting the cancer antigens STEAP1 and TERT. We further characterized direct T cell stimulation through CD80-Fc and indirect T cell targeting via the dendritic cell activator Flt3L-Fc. Mechanistically, intramuscular delivery of Flt3L-Fc into mice was associated with a significant increase in infiltration of dendritic cells at the site of administration and trafficking of activated dendritic cells to the draining lymph node. Gene expression analysis of the muscle tissue confirmed a significant up-regulation in genes associated with dendritic cell signaling. Addition of CD80-Fc to STEAP1 vaccine formulation mimicked the engagement provided by DCs and increased T cell responses to STEAP1 by 8-fold, significantly increasing the frequency of antigen-specific cells expressing IFNγ, TNFα, and CD107a for both CD8+ and CD4+ T cells. CD80-Fc enhanced T cell responses to multiple tumor-associated antigens including Survivin and HPV, indicating its potential as a universal adjuvant for cancer vaccines. Together, the results of our study highlight the adjuvanting effect of T cell engagement either directly, CD80-Fc, or indirectly, Flt3L-Fc, for cancer vaccines.