The anti-myotoxic effects and mechanisms of Sinonatrix annularis serum and a novel plasma metalloproteinase inhibitor towards Deinagkistrodon acutus envenomation.
作者: Kepu Fu ; Liyun Cao ; Yitao Tang ; Jianqi Zhao ; Kejia Xiong ; Congjiang Hong ; Chunhong Huang
Non-venomous snakes commonly evolve natural resistance to venom to escape predators. Sinonatrix annularis serum has been shown to inhibit Deinagkistrodon acutus venom-induced hemorrhage and upregulation of serum CK, CK-MB, LDH, AST and ALT levels. Using TMT-labeled proteomics analysis, 169 proteins were found to be altered significantly in the envenomed gastrocnemius muscle and categorized into pathways such as complement and coagulation cascades, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and JAK/STAT signaling. These alterations were mitigated by S. annularis serum. Subsequently, a novel metalloproteinase inhibitor, SaMPI, was isolated from S. annularis serum by two-step chromatography. It showed strong antidotal effects against D. acutus envenomation, including inhibition of subcutaneous bleeding caused by crude venom and DaMP (a metalloproteinase derived from D. acutus) activity in a 1:1 ratio. Histology and immunoblotting analyses demonstrated that SaMPI mitigated myonecrosis, reduced neutrophil infiltration and local inflammatory factor release, and retarded JAK/STAT and MAPK signaling activation. Analysis of the SaMPI gene cloned by 5'-RACE revealed a shared sequence identity of 58%-79% with other SVMP inhibitors. These findings demonstrate the protective effects of SaMPI and indicate its potential value as a candidate for viper bite adjuvant therapy.
2023-09-10·Journal of clinical medicine
Promising Novel Therapies in the Treatment of Aortic and Visceral Aneurysms.
作者: Theodora M Stougiannou ; Konstantinos C Christodoulou ; Efstratios Georgakarakos ; Dimitrios Mikroulis ; Dimos Karangelis
Aortic and visceral aneurysms affect large arterial vessels, including the thoracic and abdominal aorta, as well as visceral arterial branches, such as the splenic, hepatic, and mesenteric arteries, respectively. Although these clinical entities have not been equally researched, it seems that they might share certain common pathophysiological changes and molecular mechanisms. The yet limited published data, with regard to newly designed, novel therapies, could serve as a nidus for the evaluation and potential implementation of such treatments in large artery aneurysms. In both animal models and clinical trials, various novel treatments have been employed in an attempt to not only reduce the complications of the already implemented modalities, through manufacturing of more durable materials, but also to regenerate or replace affected tissues themselves. Cellular populations like stem and differentiated vascular cell types, large diameter tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs), and various molecules and biological factors that might target aspects of the pathophysiological process, including cell-adhesion stabilizers, metalloproteinase inhibitors, and miRNAs, could potentially contribute significantly to the treatment of these types of aneurysms. In this narrative review, we sought to collect and present relevant evidence in the literature, in an effort to unveil promising biological therapies, possibly applicable to the treatment of aortic aneurysms, both thoracic and abdominal, as well as visceral aneurysms.
Extracellular collagenase isolated from Streptomyces antibioticus UFPEDA 3421: purification and biochemical characterization.
作者: Elizianne Pereira Costa ; Romero Marcos Pedrosa Brandão-Costa ; Wendell Wagner Campos Albuquerque ; Thiago Pajeú Nascimento ; Amanda Emmanuelle Sales Conniff ; Kethylen Barbara Barbosa Cardoso ; Anna Gabrielly Duarte Neves ; Juanize Matias da Silva Batista ; Ana Lúcia Figueiredo Porto
Collagenases are proteases able to degrade native and denatured collagen, with broad applications such as leather, food, and pharmaceutical industries. The aim of this research was to purify and characterize a collagenase from Streptomyces antibioticus. In the present work, the coffee ground substrate provided conditions to obtaining high collagenase activity (377.5 U/mL) using anion-exchange DEAE-Sephadex G50 chromatographic protocol. SDS-PAGE revealed the metallo-collagenase with a single band of 41.28 kDa and was able to hydrolyzed type I and type V collagen producing bioactive peptides that delayed the coagulation time. The enzyme activity showed stability across a range of pH (6.0-11) and temperature (30-55 °C) with optima at pH 7.0 and 60 °C, respectively. Activators include Mg+2, Ca+2, Na+, K+, while full inhibition was given by other tested metalloproteinase inhibitors. Kinetic parameters (Km of 27.14 mg/mol, Vmax of 714.29 mg/mol/min, Kcat of 79.9 s-1 and Kcat/Km of 2.95 mL/mg/s) and thermodynamic parameters (Ea of 65.224 kJ/mol, ΔH of 62.75 kJ/mol, ΔS of 1.96 J/mol, ΔG of 62.16 kJ/mol, ΔGE-S of 8.18 kJ/mol and ΔGE-T of -2.64 kJ/mol) were also defined. Coffee grounds showed to be an interesting source to obtaining a collagenase able to produce bioactive peptides with anticoagulant activity.