Cladribine with cyclophosphamide and prednisone in the management of low-grade lymphoproliferative malignancies
1区 · 医学
作者: Laurencet, F. M. ; Zulian, G. B. ; Guetty-Alberto, M. ; Iten, P. A. ; Betticher, D. C. ; Alberto, P.
The feasibility of combining cladribine with cyclophosphamide and prednisone in the management of indolent lymphoid malignancies was determined. Nineteen patients [nine chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), seven non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and three macroglobulinaemia (M))] received cladribine 0.1 mg kg(-1) per day as a subcutaneous bolus injection on days 1-3 (up to 5 injections) with intravenous cyclophosphamide 500 mg m(-2) on day 1 and oral prednisone 40 mg (m-2) on days 1-5 at 4-weekly intervals up to a maximum of six courses. A total of 80 courses were given. Overall response rate was 88%, with four patients achieving a complete clinical and haematological response and 12 achieving a partial response. Neutropenia WHO grade 4 in two patients and WHO grade 3 infection in one patient were the limiting toxicities on treatment. During the follow-up, WHO grade >3 haematological complications occurred in five patients and WHO grade >3 non-haematological complications in five patients. There were no treatment-related deaths. This study demonstrates the feasibility of the cladribine/cyclophosphamide/prednisone (CCP) combination that appears highly active and safe in the management of indolent lymphoid malignancies.