Although OPC-28326, 4-(N-methyl-2-phenylethylamino)-1-(3,5-dimethyl-4-propionyl-aminobenzoyl) piperidine hydrochloride monohydrate, was developed as a selective peripheral vasodilator with α2-adrenergic antagonist properties, it also reportedly exhibits angiogenic activity in an ischemic leg model. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of OPC-28326 on the architectural dynamics and function of the infarcted left ventricle during the chronic stage of myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was induced in male C3H/He mice, after which the mice were randomly assigned into two groups: a control group receiving a normal diet and an OPC group whose diet contained 0.05% OPC-28326. The survival rate among the mice (n = 18 in each group) 4 wk postinfarction was significantly greater in the OPC than control group (83 vs. 44%; P < 0.05), and left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction were significantly mitigated. Histologically, infarct wall thickness was significantly greater in the OPC group, due in part to an abundance of nonmyocyte components, including blood vessels and myofibroblasts. Five days postinfarction, Ki-67-positive proliferating cells were more abundant in the granulation tissue in the OPC group, and there were fewer apoptotic cells. These effects were accompanied by activation of myocardial Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Hypoxia within the infarct issue, assessed using pimonidazole staining, was markedly attenuated in the OPC group. In summary, OPC-28326 increased the nonmyocyte population in infarct tissue by increasing proliferation and reducing apoptosis, thereby altering the tissue dynamics such that wall stress was reduced, which might have contributed to a mitigation of postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction.
2007-05-01·Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy2区 · 医学
OPC-28326, a selective femoral arterial vasodilator, augments ischemia induced angiogenesis
OPC-28326, 4-(N-methyl-2-phenylethylamino)-1-(3,5-dimethyl-4-propionyl-aminobenzoyl) piperidine hydrochloride monohydrate, is a newly developed selective peripheral vasodilator and increases blood flow to lower extremities with alpha2-adrenergic antagonist property. Here, we investigated the effect of OPC-28326 on ischemia-induced angiogenesis. OPC-28326 enhanced tube formation by human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Moreover, OPC-28326 enhanced the number of microvessels sprouting from aortic rings embedded in collagen gel. OPC-28326 markedly induced phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in HAECs via phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase PI3K/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway. Next, the angiogenic effect of OPC-28326 was evaluated in a mouse hindlimb ischemia model. Blood flow recovery to the ischemic leg was significantly enhanced by OPC-28326. Furthermore, anti-CD31 immunostaining revealed that OPC-28326 increased capillary density in the ischemic muscle. However, OPC-28326 failed to promote blood flow recovery in ischemic hindlimb in eNOS-deficient mice. These results suggest that OPC-28326 promotes angiogenesis, which was associated with activation of eNOS via PI3K/Akt pathway. OPC-28326 might be promising to treat patients with ischemic vascular diseases.
2005-03-01·British Journal of Pharmacology2区 · 医学
Neurogenic double-peaked vasoconstriction of human gastroepiploic artery is mediated by both α1- and α2-adrenoceptors
1. The contribution of postjunctional P2X receptors and subtypes of alpha-adrenoceptors to vasoconstrictor responses following periarterial electrical nerve stimulation (PNS, 30 s trains of pulses at a frequency of 2, 4 or 8 Hz) was investigated in human gastroepiploic arteries. 2. The vasoconstrictor response to PNS at a stimulation of 4 or 8 Hz was a two-peaked response, whereas at a frequency of 2 Hz it appeared only as a late peak. All vasoconstrictions evoked by PNS were abolished by phentolamine, a nonselective alpha-adrenoceptor inhibitor, but not by alpha,beta-methylene ATP, a P2X receptor-desensitizing agent. 3. The early peak to PNS at 4 or 8 Hz was abolished by prazosin, an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist, while the late one still remained, although it was markedly inhibited. The responses remaining after prazosin were blocked by rauwolscine. The vasoconstrictor response to PNS at 2 Hz was not affected by prazosin (0.1 microM), but was abolished by rauwolscine (0.1 microM), an alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist. 4. OPC-28326 (10 microM), a newly developed vasodilator, which preferentially exerts its antagonistic actions on the alpha2B- and alpha2C-adrenoceptors, significantly reduced the noradrenaline-induced vasoconstriction in the absence or presence of prazosin. OPC-28326 had a greater inhibitory effect on the late peak evoked by PNS than the early one. The neurogenic responses remaining after OPC-28326 were abolished by prazosin. 5. The present results suggest that sympathetic vasoconstriction of the human gastroepiploic artery is mediated by both alpha1- and alpha2-adrenoceptors postjunctionally, but not by P2X receptors. The alpha2-adrenoceptors may be preferentially activated at a low frequency of stimulation, which induces a constriction more slowly than that by alpha1-adrenoceptors. The existence of alpha2-adrenoceptors may cause an enhancement of alpha1-adrenoceptor-induced responses.