2023-08-31·Journal of clinical and translational research
Effect of a 20% intravenous fat emulsion therapy on pregnancy outcomes in women with RPL or RIF undergoing IVF/ICSI: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
作者: Greg J Marchand ; Ahmed Taher Masoud ; Hollie Ulibarri ; Amanda Arroyo ; Catherine Coriell ; Sydnee Goetz ; Carmen Moir ; Atley Moberly ; Daniela Gonzalez ; Madison Blanco ; Harry Randall Craig
Background and Aim:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy a 20% intravenous fat emulsion therapy in women suffering from recurrent pregnancy loss or recurrent implantation failure (RPL/RIF) who are undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Materials and Methods:
We searched Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials.gov, PubMed, and Scopus using relevant keywords during February 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the therapy versus placebo or no intervention in women suffering from RPL/RIF and undergoing IVF/ICSI.
We included five RCTs with 840 patients. The intravenous fat emulsion therapy was significantly effective in increasing clinical pregnancy rates compared to the control group (risk ratios [RR] = 1.48, 95% confidence intervals [CI] [1.23, 1.79], P < 0.001). Furthermore, ongoing pregnancy and live birth rates were significantly higher with 20% intravenous fat emulsion therapy RR = 1.71, 95% CI [1.27, 2.32], P = 0.005 and RR = 1.85, 95% CI [1.44, 2.38], P < 0.001. Despite the statistically significant differences, the quality of evidence was only considered moderate, and this was primarily due to high risk of bias in the included RCTs.
Our review provides a moderate level of evidence that intravenous fat emulsion therapy is effective in improving reproductive outcomes among women with RPL/RIF performing IVF/ICSI techniques. Further, investigation is required to ascertain optimal dosage and timing of administration.
Relevance for Patients:
Women suffering from RPL or RIF may wish to consider discussing with their reproductive endocrinologist the addition of a 20% fat emulsion therapy to planned IVF or ICSI cycles, which may improve outcomes.
2023-05-01·Fujita medical journal
Effect of fat emulsion administration on blood coagulation in terminal lung cancer patients.
Patients with cancer, especially those with lung cancer, are at high risk of developing thrombosis. Intralipos® infusion 20% is contraindicated for thrombosis, and there is no consensus on whether it can be safely used in cases of advanced cancer. We conducted a retrospective observational study to elucidate the impact of fat emulsion administration on blood coagulation in patients with terminal lung cancer.
The subjects were patients with terminal lung cancer in the Department of Surgery and Palliative Medicine, Fujita Health University Nanakuri Memorial Hospital between January 2016 and December 2019. We compared changes in their blood coagulation profile before hospitalization and one month later.
There were a total of 213 patients with lung cancer-139 who were administered fat emulsion and 74 who were not-with no significant differences in baseline characteristics. In the fat emulsion administration group (n=27), the prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), respectively, were 1.17±0.26 (mean±standard deviation) and 30.5±5.0 s at hospitalization and 1.16±0.12 and 31.2±4.2 s one month later with no significant differences. In the non-administration group (n=6), the PT-INR and APTT, respectively, were 1.44±0.43 and 30.6±5.2 s before hospitalization and 1.28±0.18 and 33.0±7.5 s one month later with no significant differences.
We did not identify any changes in PT-INR and APTT after fat emulsion administration in patients with terminal lung cancer. There were also no new cases of thrombosis, suggesting that fat emulsions were administered safely in patients with terminal lung cancer.
Fish oil fat emulsion alleviates traumatic brain injury in mice by regulation of microglia polarization.
作者: Yuan Shi ; Chaonan Fan ; Kechun Li ; Mengqi Yuan ; Taoxing Shi ; Suyun Qian ; Haitao Wu
Microglia activation, a hallmark of brain neuroinflammation, contributes to the secondary damage following traumatic brain injury (TBI). To explore the potential roles of different fat emulsions-long chain triglyceride (LCT) / medium chain triglyceride (MCT) and fish oil (FO) fat emulsion in neuroprotection and neuroinflammation in TBI, in this study, we first generated the controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of TBI mice. Then either LCT/MCT or FO fat emulsion treated mice were studied by Nissl staining to assess the lesion volume. Sham and TBI mice treated with 0.9% saline were used as controls. The fatty acid composition in different TBI mouse brains was further evaluated by gas chromatography. Immunofluorescent staining and quantitative RT-PCR both demonstrated the suppression of pro-inflammatory microglia and upregulated anti-inflammatory microglia in FO fat emulsion treated TBI brain or primary microglia induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro. Furthermore, motor and cognitive behavioral tests showed FO fat emulsion could partially improve the motor function in TBI mice. Together, our results indicate that FO fat emulsion significantly alleviates the TBI injury and neuroinflammation probably by regulating microglia polarization.