Hypertension is considered as one of the cancer progressive factors, and often found comorbidity in cancer patients. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure, and angiotensin II (Ang II) is well known pressor peptide associated with RAS. Ang II has been reported to accelerate progression and metastasis of cancer cells. However, its precise mechanisms have not been fully understood. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which Ang II exacerbates hematogenous metastasis in mouse melanoma cells, focusing the adhesion pathway in vascular endothelial cells. For this purpose, B16/F10 mouse melanoma cells, which do not express the Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R), were intravenously injected into C57BL/6 mice. Two weeks after cell injection, the number of lung metastatic colonies was significantly higher in the Ang II-treated group (1 μg/kg/min) than in the vehicle-treated group. The AT1R blocker valsartan (40 mg/kg/day), but not the calcium channel blocker amlodipine (5 or 10 mg/kg/day), significantly suppressed the effect of Ang II. In endothelium-specific Agtr1a knockout mice, Ang II-mediated acceleration of lung metastases of melanoma cells was significantly diminished. Ang II treatment significantly increased E-selectin mRNA expression in vascular endothelial cells collected from lung tissues, and thus promoted adherence of melanoma cells to the vascular endothelium. Ang II-accelerated lung metastases of melanoma cells were also suppressed by treatment with anti-E-selectin antibody (20 mg/kg). Taken together, Ang II-treatment exacerbates hematogenous cancer metastasis by promoting E-selectin-mediated adhesion of cancer cells to vascular endothelial cells.
2012-09-01·Oncology Reports3区 · 医学
Increased E-selectin in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury mediates liver metastasis of pancreatic cancer
Several recent studies have reported that selectins are produced during ischemia-reperfusion injury, and that selectin ligands play an important role in cell binding to the endothelium and in liver metastasis. Portal clamping during pancreaticoduodenectomy with vessel resection for pancreatic head cancer causes hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, which might promote liver metastasis. We investigated the liver colonization of pancreatic cancer cells under hepatic ischemia-reperfusion and examined the involvement of E-selectin and its ligands. A human pancreatic cancer cell line (Capan-1) was injected into the spleen of mice after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R group). In addition, to investigate the effect of an anti-E-selectin antibody on liver colonization in the IR group, mice received an intraperitoneal injection of the anti-E-selectin antibody following hepatic ischemia-reperfusion and tumor inoculation (IR+Ab group). Four weeks later, mice were sacrificed and the number of tumor nodules on the liver was compared to mice without hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (control group). The incidence of liver metastasis in the I/R group was significantly higher (16 of 20, 80%) than that in the control group (6 of 20, 30%) (P<0.01). Moreover, mice in the I/R group had significantly more tumor nodules compared to those in the control group (median, 9.9 vs. 2.7 nodules) (P<0.01). In the I/R+Ab group, only 2 of 5 (40%) mice developed liver metastases. RT-PCR and southern blotting of the liver extracts showed that the expression of IL-1 and E-selectin mRNA after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion was significantly higher than the basal levels. Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion increases liver metastases and E-selectin expression in pancreatic cancer. These results suggest that E-selectin produced due to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion is involved in liver metastasis.
2008-08-01·Andrologia4区 · 医学
Blocking E-selectin inhibits ischaemia-reperfusion-induced neutrophil recruitment to the murine testis.
4区 · 医学
作者: M Celebi ; A G A Paul
Germ cell-specific apoptosis that occurs after ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) of the murine testis is dependent on neutrophil recruitment to the testis and is dependent upon the cell adhesion molecule E-selectin. In this study, we aimed to inhibit neutrophil recruitment to the IR-induced testis. Mice were subjected to a 2-h period of testicular torsion (ischaemia) followed by detorsion (reperfusion). Shortly after onset of reperfusion, mice received either a function-blocking monoclonal anti-mouse E-selectin antibody (FBmAb) or isotype-matched control antibody. Mice were killed 24 h after reperfusion and cells isolated from the testis were analysed for the presence of neutrophil infiltration by flow cytometry. Administration of FBmAb inhibited neutrophil recruitment to the IR-induced testis dramatically. Therefore, blockage of E-selectin may be a strategy to treat post-ischaemic testis.