Naoxin'an capsules protect brain function and structure in patients with vascular cognitive impairment.
作者: Hui Lu ; Mingxi Dang ; Kewei Chen ; Huajie Shang ; Bolong Wang ; Shaokun Zhao ; Xin Li ; Zhanjun Zhang ; Junying Zhang ; Yaojing Chen
Introduction: Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is one of the most common types of dementia. Naoxin'an capsule (NXA), a traditional Chinese medicine compound, has been used to treat VCI for a long time in the clinic. Previous studies proved that the NXA capsules could ameliorate the cerebral mitochondrion deficits of VCI animals. This study aimed to investigate the protectiveness of NXA on human brain structure and function in patients with VCI. Methods: In total, 100 VCI patients were enrolled in this 24-week trial and randomly divided into the NXA capsules group (n = 50) and the ginkgo biloba capsules control group (n = 50). Before and after the treatment, cognitive behavior tests and multimodal brain magnetic resonance imaging were analyzed to comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of NXA treatment on VCI patients after 24 weeks. Results: We found that the NXA group significantly improved overall cognitive ability (Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive section, p = 0.001; Mini-Mental Status Examination, p = 0.003), memory (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test, p < 0.001) and executive function (Trail Making Test-A, p = 0.024) performance after treatment compared with the control group. For brain function, the degree of centrality in the left middle frontal gyrus, right postcentral gyrus, and left supplementary motor area increased in the NXA group and decreased in the ginkgo biloba group after treatment. The fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) of the left precentral and right superior parietal gyrus increased, and the fALFF of the right parahippocampal and left inferior temporal gyrus decreased in the NXA group after treatment. For brain structure, the gray matter density of the left postcentral gyrus increased in the NXA group after treatment, and the total volume of white matter hyperintensity showed a decreasing trend but was not statistically significant. Furthermore, the improvement effect of NXA on executive function was associated with changes in brain function. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the NXA capsules improved cognitive performance and multiregional brain function, as well as gray matter structure in the postcentral gyrus.
2022-01-01·Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM
Chai-Hu-San-Shen Capsule Ameliorates Ventricular Arrhythmia Through Inhibition of the CaMKII/FKBP12.6/RyR2/Ca2+ Signaling Pathway in Rats with Myocardial Ischemia.
作者: Longqing Chen ; Rongzhen Liu ; Weisong Wang ; Congcong Tang ; Junning Ran ; Wei Huang ; Shuqi Li ; Jianhe Liu
Ventricular arrhythmia is one of the main causes of sudden cardiac death, especially after myocardial ischemia. Previous studies have shown that Chai-Hu-San-Shen capsule (CHSSC) can reduce the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias following myocardial ischemia, however, the mechanisms of it are unclear. In present study, we explored the mechanism of CHSSC ameliorates ventricular arrhythmia following myocardial ischemia via inhibiting the CaMKII/FKBP12.6/RyR2/Ca2+ signaling pathway. In vivo, a myocardial ischemia rat model was established and treated with CHSSC to evaluate the therapeutic effect of CHSSC. In vitro, we established an ischemia model in H9C2 cells and treated with CHSSC, KN-93, or H-89. Then, intracellular Ca2+ content, the expression of RyR2, and the interaction between FKBP12.6 and RyR2 were detected. The results showed that CHSSC could delay the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and shorten the duration of ventricular arrhythmias. After myocardial ischemia, the intracellular Ca2+ content was increased, and CHSSC treatment mitigated this increase, down-regulated the levels of p-CaMKII, CaMKII, p-RyR2, and RyR2, and up-regulated the levels of p-RyR2 (Ser2808) and p-RyR2 (Ser2814). Co-immunoprecipitation showed an interaction between FKBP12.6 and RyR2, and CHSSC up-regulated the content of the FKBP12.6-RyR2 complex in ischemic cells. In conclusion, our study showed that CaMKII activation led to hyperphosphorylation of RyR2 (Ser2814) and RyR2 (Ser2808) during cardiomyocyte ischemia, which resulted in dissociation of the FKBP12.6-RyR2 complex, and increased intracellular Ca2+ content, which may contribute to the development of ventricular arrhythmias. CHSSC may reduce the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias following myocardial ischemia through inhibition of the CaMKII/RyR2/FKBP12.6/Ca2+ signaling pathway.
2022-01-01·Emergency medicine international
Curative Effect of Yangxin Dingji Capsule Combined With Mexiletine Hydrochloride on Postoperative Arrhythmia and Its Influences on the Vascular Endothelial Function in Coronary Bifurcation Lesions.
作者: Nasha Sun ; Wangkun Chen ; Yan Wu ; Qiyi Yu ; Xia Zhou ; Bing Guo
The aim of the study is to explore the curative effect of Yangxin Dingji capsule combined with mexiletine hydrochloride on postoperative ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and its influences on vascular endothelial function in coronary bifurcation lesions (CBL).
A total of 110 patients with CBL admitted to the hospital were enrolled as research subjects between January and December 2021. According to the random number table method, they were divided into a combination group and control group, with 55 cases in each group. The control group was treated with mexiletine hydrochloride, while the combination group was additionally treated with Yangxin Dingji capsules. All were continuously treated for 4 weeks. The clinical response rate between the two groups was compared. The frequencies of 24 h paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, premature atrial contraction, and premature ventricular contraction were compared by the Holter monitoring. The whole blood low-shear viscosity, whole blood high-shear viscosity, and fibrinogen (Fb) in both groups were measured by a full-automatic blood flow analyzer. The levels of plasma nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were detected by the nitrate reductase method and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). During treatment, the occurrence of adverse reactions (vomiting, loss of appetite, dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea) in both groups was statistically analyzed.
After treatment, the total response rate of treatment in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, frequencies of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, premature atrial contraction, and premature ventricular contraction in the combination group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Whole blood low-shear viscosity, whole blood high-shear viscosity, and the Fb level were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the NO level in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05), while levels of ET-1 and vWF were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). During treatment, there was no significant difference in the total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05).
Yangxin Dingji capsule combined with mexiletine hydrochloride can significantly improve clinical effects in CBL patients, improve VA and vascular endothelial function, and reduce plasma viscosity without increasing the incidence of adverse reactions.