Cellular antioxidative, cytotoxic, and antileishmanial activities of Homalium letestui.
作者: Jude Efiom Okokon ; Ahsana Dar Farooq ; Mohammed Iqbal Choudhary
Homalium letestui Pellegr (Flacourtiaceae) is used in traditional medicine in parts of Nigeria for the treatment of malaria, ulcer, and inflammatory diseases and as an aphrodisiac. This investigation was aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic, immunomodulatory, and antileishmanial properties of stem extract and fractions of Homalium letestui (H. letestui).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Cytotoxic activity against HeLa cells was done using sulphorhodamine (SRB) method and DNA interaction activity using gel electrophoresis. Immunomodulatory activity of the extract in whole blood, neutrophils, and macrophages was also investigated using luminol/lucigenin-based chemiluminescence assay. The extract and fractions were similarly screened for antileishmanial activity against promastigotes of Leishmania major in vitro. The GCMS analysis of the most active fraction against HeLa cells was carried out.
The stem extract exerted prominent cytotoxic activity with the dichloromethane fraction exhibiting the most pronounced effect (GI50 -5.12±1.45 µg/ml, LC50- 57.3±2.33 µg/ml, TGI -12.6±0.87 µg/ml). The crude extract and the fractions did not interact with DNA when investigated using electrophoresis. The extract significantly ((p<0.05 - 0.001) inhibited oxidative burst activity in whole blood (-27.90-66.90%), isolated polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) (16.50-67.0%), and mononuclear cells (MNCs) (4.31-98.50%) when two different phagocytosis activators (serum opsonizing zymosan-A and PMA) were used. The extract also exhibited moderate antileishmanial activity against promastigotes of Leishmania major in vitro. GCMS analysis of active fraction revealed pharmacologically active compounds.
These results suggest that the stem extract/fractions of H. letestui possess cytotoxic, immunomodulatory, and antileishmanial activities.
Monoclonal antibodies that specifically inhibit GM-CSF- and IL-3-dependent growth of human monocytic leukemia cells.
4区 · 生物学
作者: T Taniyama ; S Taki ; M Nagata ; K Yoshizawa ; N Hirayama ; J Hamuro ; T Uchiyama ; G Wong ; G Rovera
We describe monoclonal antibodies (mAbs: anti-MaG-1, TGI-1, TGI-5, and TGI-6) that block the proliferation of AML-193 cells in response to GM-CSF or IL-3 and do not affect the proliferation of AML-193 cells in response to G-CSF and IL-2-driven proliferation of Kit 225 cells. However, none of the mAbs tested had any stimulative effect on the proliferation of AML-193 cells. The mAbs (anti-MaG-1, TGI-1, -5, and -6) could inhibit the binding of [125I]GM-CSF to AML-193 cells. We were able to purify MaG-1 Ag by anti-MaG-1 affinity chromatography. Thus, the MaG-1 Ag and the Ags recognised by mAbs (TGI-1, -5, and -6) may be associated with the receptor for GM-CSF or IL-3 or a structure close to the receptor for GM-CSF or IL-3.