2022-06-01·Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
[Anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effects of total extract, saponins, and flavonoids of Clinopodium chinense in female rats with abnormal uterine bleeding and mechanism].
作者: Li-Li Li ; Qi Huang ; Dai-Yin Peng ; Jia-Jia Qi ; Min Yao
This study aims to explore the anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effects of the total extract of Clinopodium chinense(TEC), total saponins of C. chinense(TSC), and total flavonoids of C. chinense(TFC) in female rats with abnormal uterine bleeding(AUB), and the possible mechanism. Mifepristone(i.g., 12.4 mg·kg~(-1)) and misoprostol(i.g., 130 μg·kg~(-1)) were used to induce AUB in SD female rats conceiving on the same day. Then the AUB rats were randomized into model group, TEC group, TSC group, TFC group, Yimucao Granules(LG) group, and estradiol valerate(EV) group, with 8 rats in each group. Another 8 non-pregnant female rats were selected as normal group. During the experiment, each group was given the corresponding drug by gavage once a day for 7 days. After the administration, blood and uterine tissue were collected. The uterine bleeding volume was measured by ultraviolet spectrophotometry and the pathological changes of endometrium were observed based on hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. In addition, the microvessel density of endometrium was determined by immunohistochemistry, and the content of thromboxane B2(TXB2), 6-keto-PGF_(1α), interleukin-6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in plasma and levels of lutenizing hormone(LH), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), estradiol(E_2), and progesterone in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The mRNA and protein expression of estrogenreceptor α(ERα), progesterone receptor(PR), matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-2, MMP-9, and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) in uterine tissue was determined by Western blot. Compared with the model group, TEC, TSC, and TFC can reduce uterine bleeding volume, alleviate the pathological damage of endometrium, and increase the microvessel density in endometrium. Moreover, TEC and TSC can significantly raise plasma TXB2 level and ratio of TXB2 to 6-keto-PGF_(1α), and TEC and TFC can significantly reduce the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α. In addition, TEC significantly elevated serum progesterone level and TFC significantly increased serum levels of E_2, FSH, and LH. TSC can significantly raise serum progesterone and FSH levels. In addition, TEC can significantly down-regulate the protein expression of PR, MMP-2, and VEGF and TSC significantly reduced the expression of MMP-9. TFC significantly decreased the expression of PR, MMP-9, and VEGF, and up-regulated the expression of ERα. In conclusion, TEC, TSC, and TFC all show therapeutic effects on AUB, particularly TEC. TSC exerts the effects by enhancing the coagulation function and promoting endometrial repair, and TFC by regulating estrogen levels and reducing inflammatory response. This study reveals the mechanism of C. chinense against AUB and also explains the holistic characteristics of Chinese medicine.
2021-01-01·Frontiers in oncology3区 · 医学
Prediction of the Mechanisms by Which Quercetin Enhances Cisplatin Action in Cervical Cancer: A Network Pharmacology Study and Experimental Validation.
3区 · 医学
作者: Huihui Ji ; Kehan Li ; Wenbin Xu ; Ruyi Li ; Shangdan Xie ; Xueqiong Zhu
Yimucao has been used as an herbal medicine to treat gynecological diseases. Common genes of Yimucao active compounds were investigated using network pharmacology. The components and targets of Yimucao were retrieved from the TCMSP database. Cervical cancer targets were collected from GeneCards, TTD, DisGeNET, and KEGG. Cisplatin-related genes were downloaded from GeneWeaver. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was created using the STRING database. A drug-bioactive compound-disease-target network was constructed using Cytoscape. GO and KEGG analyses were performed to investigate common targets of quercetin and cisplatin in cervical cancer. We found that quercetin was the highly bioactive compound in Yimucao. The drug-bioactive compound-disease-target network contained 93 nodes and 261 edges. Drug-related key targets were identified, including EGFR, IL6, CASP3, VEGFA, MYC, CCND1, ERBB2, FOS, PPARG, and CASP8. Core targets were primarily related to the response to metal ions, cellular response to xenobiotic stimulus, and transcription factor complex. The KEGG pathway analysis revealed that quercetin and cisplatin may affect cervical cancer through platinum drug resistance and the p53 and HIF-1 pathways. Furthermore, quercetin combined with cisplatin downregulated the expression of EGFR, MYC, CCND1, and ERBB2 proteins and upregulated CASP8 expression in HeLa and SiHa cells. Functionally, quercetin enhanced cisplatin-induced anticancer activity in cervical cancer cells. Our results indicate that quercetin can be used to overcome cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer cells.
2019-01-01·Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM4区 · 医学
Traditional Chinese Medicine Yimucao Injection Combined with Western Medicine for Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage after Cesarean Section: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Yimucao injection combined with several contraction uterus drugs is in use for preventing postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section. The present study is a meta-analysis comparing the efficacy and safety of these drugs.
PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), VIP, and Wanfang database were searched until June 2018. We selected RCTs of Yimucao injection combined with western medicine for preventing postpartum hemorrhage and study quality was assessed using the revised Cochrane risk of bias tool. Forty-eight RCTs are comprised of 7,330 participants.
The overall response rate of Yimucao injection combined with western medicine as a class (OR=4.19, 95%CI=2.83, 6.20, P<0.00001) was found to be significantly improved than western medicine alone. Yimucao injection combined with western medicine group could significantly reduce blood loss in intraoperative (SMD= -1.15, 95%CI= -1.43, -0.87, P<0.00001), compared with control group. The treatment group could significantly reduce postpartum blood loss within 2 hours (SMD= -1.73, 95%CI= -2.01, -1.46, P<0.00001) and had a significantly lower blood loss within 24 hours (SMD= -1.92, 95%CI= -2.21, -1.63, P<0.00001) than control group. Additionally, in terms of the safety, Yimucao injection group reduced the risk of adverse events in the course of prevention than the western medicine group.
This study demonstrated that Yimucao injection combined with western medicine may be more effective for preventing postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section. However, high-quality and large multicenter randomized clinical trials will be needed to prove the consequence in the further.