2021-05-01·International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology3区 · 生物学
Isolation of Thalassobius mangrovi sp. nov., a novel bacterium in the family Rhodobacteraceae, from marine mangrove sediment.
3区 · 生物学
作者: Shuangshuang Chen ; Sisi Zheng ; Danyang Zhang ; Buce Hetharua ; Jiali Gui ; Xiaoyu An ; Hong Xu
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and oval-shaped bacterial strain with a flagellum, designated GS-10T, was isolated from mangrove wetland sediment. GS-10T grew at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), in the pH range of 5.0-11.0 (optimum, 6.0-8.0) and under various NaCl concentrations from 1 to 11 % (w/v) (optimum, 5-6 %). The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10, and the predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major fatty acids (>10 % of the total fatty acids) were summed feature 4 (C17 : 1iso I/anteiso B) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 63.71 %. On the basis of the results from comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, GS-10T represents a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae and had the highest sequence similarity to Thalassobius gelatinovorus CECT 4357T (97.47 %), followed by Lutimaribacter pacificus W11-2BT (97.03 %), Marivita cryptomonadis CL-SK44T (96.83 %), Thalassobius autumnalis CECT 5118T (96.75 %) and Thalassobius mediterraneus CECT 5383T (96.68 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and whole genome sequences revealed that GS-10T clustered with species within the genus Thalassobius. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the average amino acid identity (AAI) values were calculated from complete genome sequences and indicated that GS-10T represented a novel species of the genus Thalassobius, and the name Thalassobius mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed for this species. The type strain of Thalassobius mangrovi is GS-10T (=MCCC 1K03624T=KCTC 82131T).
2017-04-01·Medical Microbiology and Immunology4区 · 医学
iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics reveals important host factors involved in the high pathogenicity of the H5N1 avian influenza virus in mice
We previously reported a pair of H5N1 avian influenza viruses which are genetically similar but differ greatly in their virulence in mice. A/Chicken/Jiangsu/k0402/2010 (CK10) is highly lethal to mice, whereas A/Goose/Jiangsu/k0403/2010 (GS10) is avirulent. In this study, to investigate the host factors that account for their virulence discrepancy, we compared the pathology and host proteome of the CK10- or GS10-infected mouse lung. Moderate lung injury was observed from CK10-infected animals as early as the first day of infection, and the pathology steadily progressed at later time point. However, only mild lesions were observed in GS10-infected mouse lung at the late infection stage. Using the quantitative iTRAQ coupled LC-MS/MS method, we first found that more significantly differentially expressed (DE) proteins were stimulated by GS10 compared with CK10. However, bio-function analysis of the DE proteins suggested that CK10 induced much stronger inflammatory response-related functions than GS10. Canonical pathway analysis also demonstrated that CK10 highly activated the "Acute Phase Response Signaling," which results in a wide range of biological activities in response to viral infection, including many inflammatory processes. Further in-depth analysis showed that CK10 exacerbated acute lung injury-associated responses, including inflammatory response, cell death, reactive oxygen species production and complement response. In addition, some of these identified proteins that associated with the lung injury were further confirmed to be regulated in vitro. Therefore, our findings suggest that the early increased lung injury-associated host response induced by CK10 may contribute to the lung pathology and the high virulence of this virus in mice.
2014-05-01·Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Biomembranes
Structure-activity relationships of the antimicrobial peptide gramicidin S and its analogs: Aqueous solubility, self-association, conformation, antimicrobial activity and interaction with model lipid membranes
作者: Abraham, Thomas ; Prenner, Elmar J. ; Lewis, Ruthven N. A. H. ; Mant, Colin T. ; Keller, Sandro ; Hodges, Robert S. ; McElhaney, Ronald N.
GS10 [cyclo-(VKLdYPVKLdYP)] is a synthetic analog of the naturally occurring antimicrobial peptide gramicidin (GS) in which the two positively charged ornithine (Orn) residues are replaced by two positively charged lysine (Lys) residues and the two less polar aromatic phenylalanine (Phe) residues are replaced by the more polar tyrosine (Tyr) residues. In this study, we examine the effects of these seemingly conservative modifications to the parent GS molecule on the physical properties of the peptide, and on its interactions with lipid bilayer model and biological membranes, by a variety of biophysical techniques. We show that although GS10 retains the largely β-sheet conformation characteristic of GS, it is less structured in both water and membrane-mimetic solvents. GS10 is also more water soluble and less hydrophobic than GS, as predicted, and also exhibits a reduced tendency for self-association in aqueous solution. Surprisingly, GS10 associates more strongly with zwitterionic and anionic phospholipid bilayer model membranes than does GS, despite its greater water solubility, and the presence of anionic phospholipids and cholesterol (Chol) modestly reduces the association of both GS10 and GS to these model membranes. The strong partitioning of both peptides into lipid bilayers is driven by a large favorable entropy change opposed by a much smaller unfavorable enthalpy change. However, GS10 is also less potent than GS at inducing inverted cubic phases in phospholipid bilayer model membranes and at inhibiting the growth of the cell wall-less bacterium Acholeplasma laidlawii B. These results are discussed in terms of the comparative antibiotic and hemolytic activities of these peptides.