1997-08-15·Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Quantitative determination of CGP 61755, a protease inhibitor, in plasma and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection
作者: Flesch, G. ; Mann, Ch. ; Degen, P. H.
A liquid chromatographic assay for the determination of CGP 61755 (I) in plasma and urine is described. A similar method for CGP 53437, another HIV-1 protease inhibitor, has been developed and reported previously. After a deproteinization step, a liquid-liquid extraction is performed. Compound I and the internal standard CGP 55749 (II) are hydrolyzed and the primary amine group derivatized using fluorescamine. Chromatography is achieved by isocratic elution with a mobile phase of 30 mM borax buffer (pH 9)-acetonitrile (58:42, v/v). The derivatives of the compounds I and II fluoresce at 480 nm, on excitation at 395 nm and the retention times under these conditions were approximately 6 and 8 min, respectively. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) which is the lowest concentration of the analyte that can be measured with a coefficient of variation and a deviation from theory of less than 20%, was 15 ng/ml plasma and 20 ng/ml urine. The analyte is stable for at least four months in human plasma and sixteen months in dog plasma samples. Different human plasma sources and three different species (rat, rabbit and dog) were tested and no interference between analyte and plasma constituents was observed.
1997-05-01·Journal of Infectious Diseases2区 · 医学
In vitro effect of α1-acid glycoprotein on the anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity of the protease inhibitor CGP 61755: a comparative study with other relevant HIV protease inhibitors
2区 · 医学
作者: Lazdins, Janis K. ; Mestan, Jurgen ; Goutte, Gerard ; Walker, Maja R. ; Bold, Guido ; Capraro, Hans Georg ; Klimkait, Thomas
Protein binding can impair the potency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors. Therefore, the activity of a novel compound, CGP 61755, was studied in the absence or presence of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (alpha1AGP). In MT-2 cells, the activity loss was 4-fold (EC90 without alpha1AGP, 29 nM vs. 122 nM with alpha1AGP). In primary lymphocytes, the loss was 8-fold (EC90, 45 nM vs. 364 nM). In identical experiments, the activity loss in MT-2 cells and lymphocytes was 2- and 3-fold, respectively, for indinavir, 11- and 10-fold for saquinavir, and 11- and 48-fold for ritonavir. For SC-52151, a 17-fold loss was seen in MT-2 cells, whereas no EC90 with alpha1AGP was reached in lymphocytes. This study demonstrates that the impact of alpha1AGP on in vitro activity varies greatly among different HIV protease inhibitors. The magnitude of such differences is greater in human lymphocytes than in a standard cell line.
Profile of CGP 61755: a novel and potent HIV-1 protease inhibitor that shows enhanced anti-HIV activity when combined with other antiretroviral agents in vitro.
作者: J K Lazdins ; G Bold ; H G Capraro ; R Cozens ; A Fässler ; G Flesch ; T Klimkait ; M Lang ; J Mestan ; B Poncioni ; J Rösel ; D Stover ; M Tintelnot-Blomley ; M R Walker ; K Woods-Cook
CGP 61755 is a novel hydroxyethylene derivative produced by a high yield 10 step chemical synthesis. It is highly specific for HIV-1 protease with an IC50 of 1 nM. The ED90 in MT-2, PBLs and macrophages is infected with laboratory strains of HIV-1 or clinical isolates is 30-100 nM. In chronically infected macrophages the ED90 is 1000 nM (1000 nM for saquinavir and 10 microM for indinavir). When the antiviral activity of CGP 61755 on HIV-1 infected lymphocytes was examined using serum free medium an ED99 of 60 nM was determined, while in the presence of 10% human serum the same activity was achieved with 120 nM. When examined in combination with RT inhibitors or protease inhibitors, either in a co-culture of CEM-SS and chronically infected H9IIIB cells or in a free virus lymphocyte infection, cooperativity of the antiviral activities was observed. Dog pharmacokinetic studies comparing p.o. and i.v. data indicate that CGP 61755 has a bioavailability between 50 and 80%. Following oral administration the area under the concentration curve (AUC) values increased in a dose proportional manner. The plasma levels of the drug at 6 hours after oral administration were above the ED90. Based on these properties we believe that CGP 61755 has an attractive profile that justifies further preclinical evaluation of the drug.