A novel dual agonist of EP3 and FP receptors for OAg and OHT: safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ONO-9054 in healthy volunteers
2区 · 医学
作者: Suto, Fumitaka ; Rowe-Rendleman, Cheryl L. ; Ouchi, Takafumi ; Jamil, Alam ; Wood, Andrew ; Ward, Caroline L.
The use of a dual prostaglandin E3 (EP3) and prostaglandin F (FP) receptor agonist is a novel approach for the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) in open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension and, as such, ONO-9054 may have benefits over existing therapies. The objectives of this phase I study were to assess the safety, tolerability, systemic pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) profiles of ONO-9054 (Sepetoprost), the prodrug of ONO-AG-367, in healthy, normotensive adults.
In this randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, single-dose escalating study, 48 male and female healthy volunteers each received a single drop of ONO-9054 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, 10.0, 20.0, or 30.0 μg/mL, or matching placebo in each eye. Blood samples of PK were taken up to 24 hours post dose; ocular and systemic safety, tolerability, and PD assessments were conducted up to approximately 72 hours post dose, and on day 7 at the follow-up visit.
We found ONO-9054 was safe and well tolerated and ONO-AG-367 exhibited dose-dependent systemic PK with rapid elimination. The effect of PD was assessed by reduction in IOP, with the maximum change from baseline in IOP in these normotensive individuals of -28.23% achieved at the 30.0 μg/mL dose at 9 hours post administration.
A single dose of the novel EP3 and FP receptor agonist ONO-9054 was safe and well tolerated in healthy volunteers at doses between 0.3 and 30.0 μg/mL and resulted in a significant reduction in intraocular IOP with maximum reduction at 9 hours post dose. This supports further evaluation of ONO-9054 for the treatment of ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01508988.).
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a better IOP reduction can be observed in conscious, normotensive monkeys treated with ONO-9054, a novel dual EP3 and FP receptor agonist, compared with prostaglandin F2α analogs.
The binding affinities and agonistic activities of ONO-AG-367, a carboxylic acid of ONO-9054, to prostanoid receptors were assessed. The IOP-lowering effect of ONO-9054 in monkeys was analyzed after a single (0.3, 3, or 30 μg/mL) or 7-day repeated (30 μg/mL, every day) topical ocular administration. Ophthalmologic and histopathologic evaluations of the eye were performed after 4-week ocular administration of ONO-9054 (30 μg/mL, twice a day) in monkeys.
The ONO-AG-367 exhibited high affinity for both EP3 and FP receptors and potent agonist activity, with EC50 values of 28.6 nM for the EP3 receptor and 22.3 nM for the FP receptor. Single and repeated topical ocular administration of ONO-9054 caused IOP reductions in normotensive monkeys. The maximum IOP reductions on day 7 observed with ONO-9054 (7.3 ± 0.8 mm Hg) were significantly greater than those observed with latanoprost (50 μg/mL, 4.9 ± 0.4 mm Hg) or travoprost (40 μg/mL, 5.1 ± 0.6 mm Hg). In ophthalmologic and histopathologic evaluations, slight and transient mydriasis was occasionally observed and no histopathologic lesions attributable to ONO-9054 were noted.
A more profound and longer-lasting reduction in IOP in normotensive monkeys can be observed with ONO-9054, which simultaneously stimulates both EP3 and FP receptors, compared with prostaglandin analogs.