2021-02-16·Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)2区 · 材料科学
Immune Stimulating Antibody-Photosensitizer Conjugates via Fc-Mediated Dendritic Cell Phagocytosis and Phototriggered Immunogenic Cell Death for KRAS-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer Treatment.
2区 · 材料科学
作者: Dahye Kim ; Sanghee Lee ; Kun Na
Although cetuximab (CTX) is a chimeric epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody, the antitumor efficacy of CTX has a negligible effect in patients with Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutated pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Given that all extant treatments are ineffective due to the undruggable characteristics of KRAS-mutated cancer, alternative strategies have been investigated. In this work, CTX-conjugated maleimide-polyethylene glycol-chlorin e6 (CMPC) is designed to strengthen its antitumor efficacy. With strong affinity for EGFR overexpressing Aspc-1 cells, CMPC with laser exerts the greatest cytotoxicity (90%) and induction of immunogenic cell death. Through a combination of fragment crystallizable region-mediated antigen uptake by CTX and danger-associated molecular patterns released by photodynamic therapy (PDT), phagocytosis and maturation of dendritic cells treated with CMPC plus laser show dramatic increases. In vivo biodistribution and antitumor effect also demonstrate that CMPC has significant tumor selectivity and tumor ablation efficacy upon laser irradiation. Furthermore, a large number of CD4+ , CD8+ T cells and mature DCs and natural killer cells are infiltrated in CMPC with laser-treated tumor tissues and tumor-draining lymph nodes, revealing both innate and adaptive cellular immune stimulation. This synergistic effect with CMPC and laser treatment provides an effective approach for pancreatic cancer immunotherapy attributed to both CTX and PDT.
2016-01-01·PloS one3区 · 综合性期刊
Evaluation of CD146 as Target for Radioimmunotherapy against Osteosarcoma.
3区 · 综合性期刊
作者: Sara Westrøm ; Tina B Bønsdorff ; Nasir Abbas ; Øyvind S Bruland ; Thora J Jonasdottir ; Gunhild M Mælandsmo ; Roy H Larsen
Osteosarcoma is a rare form of cancer but with a substantial need for new active drugs. There is a particular need for targeted therapies to combat metastatic disease. One possible approach is to use an antibody drug conjugate or an antibody radionuclide conjugate to target the osteosarcoma metastases and circulating tumor cells. Herein we have evaluated a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody targeting CD146 both in vitro and in vivo.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
A murine monoclonal anti-CD146 IgG1 isotype antibody, named OI-3, was developed along with recombinant chimeric versions with human IgG1 or human IgG3 Fc sequences. Using flow cytometry, selective binding of OI-3 to human osteosarcoma cell lines OHS, KPDX and Saos-2 was confirmed. The results confirm a higher expression level of CD146 on human osteosarcoma cells than HER2 and EGFR; antigens targeted by commercially available therapeutic antibodies. The biodistribution of 125I-labeled OI-3 antibody variants was compared with 125I-labeled chimeric anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab in nude mice with subcutaneous OHS osteosarcoma xenografts. OI-3 was able to target CD146 expressing tumors in vivo and showed improved tumor to tissue targeting ratios compared with cetuximab. Subsequently, the three OI-3 variants were conjugated with p-SCN-Bn-DOTA and labeled with a more therapeutically relevant radionuclide, 177Lu, and their biodistributions were studied in the nude mouse model. The 177Lu-labeled OI-3 variants were stable and had therapeutically relevant biodistribution profiles. Dosimetry estimates showed higher absorbed radiation dose to tumor than all other tissues after administration of the chimeric IgG1 OI-3 variant.
Our results indicate that CD146 can be targeted in vivo by the radiolabeled OI-3 antibodies.
2016-01-01·Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan)4区 · 医学
Successful treatment with modified folfox6 and panitumumab in a cecal cancer patient undergoing hemodialysis
Combination chemotherapy of mFOLFOX6 (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) plus panitumumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is one of the standard treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) without KRAS mutation. A few reports suggested no need of dose adjustment of cetuximab, a similar chimeric anti-EGFR antibody, in patients with renal impairment. However, panitumumab combined with cytotoxic drugs for hemodialysis patients has not been reported. We herein report a case of a hemodialysis mCRC patient successfully treated with mFOLFOX6 and panitumumab combination therapy.