A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study toDetermine the Safety and Efficacy of a Single Dose of ASN100 forthe Prevention of Staphylococcus aureus Pneumonia in HeavilyColonized, Mechanically Ventilated Subjects
A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of a Single Dose of ASN100 for the Prevention of Staphylococcus Aureus Pneumonia in Heavily Colonized, Mechanically Ventilated Subjects
The purpose of this study is the prevention of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia in mechanically ventilated subjects heavily colonized with S. aureus. Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogenic bacterium that causes severe infections, including pneumonia and sepsis. Hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP) caused by S. aureus, including ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (VABP) in mechanically ventilated subjects, is a significant public health threat despite efforts to optimize antibiotic treatment. ASN100 is an investigational monoclonal antibody product that targets the toxins produced by S. aureus to protect subjects from developing S. aureus pneumonia.
2019-08-01·Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy2区 · 医学
Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Single-Ascending-Dose Study of the Penetration of a Monoclonal Antibody Combination (ASN100) Targeting Staphylococcus aureus Cytotoxins in the Lung Epithelial Lining Fluid of Healthy Volunteers.
2区 · 医学
作者: Zoltan Magyarics ; Fraser Leslie ; Johann Bartko ; Harald Rouha ; Steven Luperchio ; Christian Schörgenhofer ; Michael Schwameis ; Ulla Derhaschnig ; Heimo Lagler ; Leopold Stiebellehner ; Christa Firbas ; Susanne Weber ; Ed Campanaro ; Bernd Jilma ; Eszter Nagy ; Chris Stevens
ASN100 is a novel antibody combination of two fully human IgG1(κ) monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), ASN-1 and ASN-2, which neutralize six Staphylococcus aureus cytotoxins, alpha-hemolysin (Hla) and five bicomponent leukocidins. We assessed the safety, tolerability, and serum and lung pharmacokinetics of ASN100 in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled single-dose-escalation first-in-human study. Fifty-two healthy volunteers were enrolled and randomized to receive either ASN-1, ASN-2, a combination of both MAbs (ASN100), or a corresponding placebo. Thirty-two subjects in the double-blind dose escalation portion of the study received ASN-1 or ASN-2 at a 200-, 600-, 1,800-, or 4,000-mg dose, or placebo. Eight subjects received both MAbs simultaneously in a 1:1 ratio (ASN100) at 3,600 or 8,000 mg, or they received placebos. Twelve additional subjects received open-label ASN100 at 3,600 or 8,000 mg to assess the pharmacokinetics of ASN-1 and ASN-2 in epithelial lining fluid (ELF) by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid sampling. Subjects were monitored for 98 days (double-blind cohorts) or 30 days (open-label cohorts) for safety assessment. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed, and all adverse events were mild and transient, with only two adverse events considered possibly related to the investigational product. ASN100 exhibited linear serum pharmacokinetics with a half-life of approximately 3 weeks and showed detectable penetration into the ELF. No treatment-emergent anti-drug antibody responses were detected. The toxin neutralizing potency of ASN100 in human serum was confirmed up to 58 days postdosing. The favorable safety profile, ELF penetration, and maintained functional activity in serum supported the further clinical development of ASN100.
2019-03-29·Scientific reports3区 · 综合性期刊
Preventing lung pathology and mortality in rabbit Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia models with cytotoxin-neutralizing monoclonal IgGs penetrating the epithelial lining fluid.
3区 · 综合性期刊
作者: Lukas Stulik ; Harald Rouha ; Delphine Labrousse ; Zehra Claire Visram ; Adriana Badarau ; Barbara Maierhofer ; Karin Groß ; Susanne Weber ; Miroslava Dominis Kramarić ; Ines Glojnarić ; Gábor Nagy ; Delphine Croisier ; Eszter Nagy
Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia is associated with high mortality irrespective of antibiotic susceptibility. Both MRSA and MSSA strains produce powerful cytotoxins: alpha-hemolysin(Hla) and up to five leukocidins - LukSF-PV, HlgAB, HlgCB, LukED and LukGH (LukAB) - to evade host innate defense mechanisms. Neutralizing cytotoxins has been shown to provide survival benefit in rabbit S. aureus pneumonia models. We studied the mechanisms of protection of ASN100, a combination of two human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), ASN-1 and ASN-2, that together neutralize Hla and the five leukocidins, in rabbit MRSA and MSSA pneumonia models. Upon prophylactic passive immunization, ASN100 displayed dose-dependent increase in survival and was fully protective against all S. aureus strains tested at 5 or 20 mg/kg doses. Macroscopic and microscopic lung pathology, edema rate, and bacterial burden were evaluated 12 hours post infection and reduced by ASN100. Pharmacokinetic analysis of ASN100 in bronchoalveolar-lavage fluid from uninfected animals detected efficient penetration to lung epithelial lining fluid reaching peak levels between 24 and 48 hours post dosing that were comparable to the mAb concentration measured in serum. These data confirm that the ASN100 mAbs neutralize the powerful cytotoxins of S. aureus in the lung and prevent damage to the mucosal barrier and innate immune cells.