2002-09-27·European Journal of Pharmacology3区 · 医学
Inhibition of recombinant KATP channels by the antidiabetic agents midaglizole, LY397364 and LY389382
3区 · 医学
作者: Proks, Peter ; Treinies, Iris ; Mest, Hans-Jurgen ; Trapp, Stefan
Most imidazolines inhibit ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels. Since these drugs are potentially clinically relevant insulin secretagogues, it is important to know whether extrapancreatic K(ATP) channels are targeted. We examined the effects of three imidazoline-derived antidiabetic drugs on the cloned K(ATP) channel, expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and their specificity for interaction with the pore-forming Kir6.2 or the sulphonylurea receptor (SUR) 1 subunit. Midaglizole, LY397364 and LY389382 blocked Kir6.2deltaC currents with IC(50) of 3.8, 6.1 and 0.7 microM, respectively. The block of Kir6.2/SUR1 currents by LY397364 and LY389382 was best fit by a two-site model, suggesting that these drugs also interact with SUR1. However, since all three drugs interact with the Kir6.2 subunit, and Kir6.2 forms the pore of extrapancreatic K(ATP) channels, these drugs are unlikely to be specific for the beta-cell.
2001-07-01·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology4区 · 医学
Glucose-induced insulin secretion is potentiated by a new imidazoline compound
Sulfonylureas stimulate insulin secretion independent of the blood glucose concentration. This can lead to hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetic patients. Over the last years a number of imidazoline derivatives have been identified that stimulate insulin secretion in a more glucose-dependent way. In agreement with this, our aim was to generate imidazoline derivatives with a potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients. We developed the compound 2-[4-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(2-methoxyethoxy)-2-naphthalenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1-H-imidazole monohydrochloride (LY389382) with an imidazoline moiety and investigated its effects on glucose-dependent insulin secretion in a beta-cell line, isolated rat islets and in vivo. We could demonstrate that LY389382 induces insulin secretion in MIN6 cells and rat islets in a glucose-dependent manner (EC50=1.1 microM and 0.3 microM, respectively). Furthermore during hyperglycaemia LY389382 increased insulin secretion in a dose-dependent manner in healthy rats, whereas the compound had no effect at euglycemia in a tenfold higher dosage. After 7 days of treatment of Zucker Diabetic Fatty [ZDF/ (Gmi/fa)] rats with LY389382 with a dose of 15 mg/kg twice daily the blood glucose concentration was reduced from 22.7 +/- 1.7 mM to 16.6 +/- 2.3 mM. During the same time period the glucose concentration increased from 21.7+/-1.7 mM to 28.9 +/- 1.3 mM in the vehicle-treated group (P<0.05). The drop of the insulin level was also inhibited by LY389382 in ZDF rats. In contrast to other well-characterised imidazolines that have been shown to induce a glucose-dependent insulin secretion only within a limited range of concentrations, LY389382 stimulates insulin secretion over a concentration range of at least two log units in a glucose-dependent manner. These data suggest that this imidazoline compound has a potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.