A Phase I Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Novel Schedules for Vaccination With the Candidate Malaria Vaccines AdCh63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP
This is an open label phase I study, to assess the safety and immunogenicity of novel schedules for vaccination with the candidate malaria vaccines AdCh63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP. These vaccines have been evaluated previously in a number of clinical trials proved to be safe and capable of inducing protective cellular immune response following challenge with the parasite. All volunteers recruited will be healthy adults. They will be primed with AdCh63 ME-TRAP administered intramuscularly and boosted several times with AdCh63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP according to various schedules.. Safety data will be collected for each of the seven regimens. Secondary aims of this study will be to assess the immune responses generated by each of these regimes.
100 项与 Malaria DNA vaccine(University of Oxford) 相关的临床结果
100 项与 Malaria DNA vaccine(University of Oxford) 相关的专利（医药）
项与 Malaria DNA vaccine(University of Oxford) 相关的文献（医药）
2015-06-01·Parasitology research3区 · 医学
Malaria DNA vaccine gp96NTD-CSP elicits both CSP-specific antibody and CD8(+) T cell response.
3区 · 医学
作者: Zhangping Tan ; TaoLi Zhou ; Hong Zheng ; Yan Ding ; Wenyue Xu
It is ideal for the pre-erythrocytic stage subunit vaccine to induce both CSP-specific antibody and CD8(+) T cell response. Here, we designed a novel malaria DNA vaccine gp96NTD-CSP, which was constructed by fusing the full-length of CSP with the N-terminal domain of gp96 that deleted the endoplasmic reticulum-localized motif KDEL, and investigated its protective efficacy. We found that the fusion protein gp96NTD-CSP was mainly distributed on the surface of eukaryotic cells after transfection and could be sensed as a "danger signal" by the host immune system. Interestingly, both liver parasite burden and parasitemia in mice immunized with gp96NTD-CSP were significantly lower than those in the mice immunized either with gp96NTD, CSP, or gp96NTD-SYVPSAEQI, which was constructed by fusing the CSP-specific CD8(+) T cell epitope with the N-terminal domain of gp96 deleted with KDEL. Consistently, both the level of CSP-specific antibody and the frequency of IFN-γ secreted-CSP-specific CD8(+) T cells were much higher in mice immunized with gp96NTD-CSP than those in the mice immunized either with gp96NTD, CSP, or gp96NTD-SYVPSAEQI. Our results suggest that the malaria DNA vaccine gp96NTD-CSP could induce both humoral and cellular immune responses, which is attributed to the adjuvant effect of gp96NTD and full-length CSP.
2013-06-28·Vaccine3区 · 医学
Functional evaluation of malaria Pfs25 DNA vaccine by in vivo electroporation in olive baboons
Plasmodium falciparum Pfs25 antigen, expressed on the surface of zygotes and ookinetes, is one of the leading targets for the development of a malaria transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV). Our laboratory has been evaluating DNA plasmid based Pfs25 vaccine in mice and non-human primates. Previously, we established that in vivo electroporation (EP) delivery is an effective method to improve the immunogenicity of DNA vaccine encoding Pfs25 in mice. In order to optimize the in vivo EP procedure and test for its efficacy in more clinically relevant larger animal models, we employed in vivo EP to evaluate the immune response and protective efficacy of Pfs25 encoding DNA vaccine in nonhuman primates (olive baboons, Papio anubis). The results showed that at a dose of 2.5mg DNA vaccine, antibody responses were significantly enhanced with EP as compared to without EP resulting in effective transmission blocking efficiency. Similar immunogenicity enhancing effect of EP was also observed with lower doses (0.5mg and 1mg) of DNA plasmids. Further, final boosting with a single dose of recombinant Pfs25 protein resulted in dramatically enhanced antibody titers and significantly increased functional transmission blocking efficiency. Our study suggests priming with DNA vaccine via EP along with protein boost regimen as an effective method to elicit potent immunogenicity of malaria DNA vaccines in nonhuman primates and provides the basis for further evaluation in human volunteers.
2013-05-28·Journal of Controlled Release1区 · 医学
On the efficacy of malaria DNA vaccination with magnetic gene vectors
1区 · 医学
作者: Nawwab Al-Deen, Fatin ; Ma, Charles ; Xiang, Sue D. ; Selomulya, Cordelia ; Plebanski, Magdalena ; Coppel, Ross L.
We investigated the efficacy and types of immune responses from plasmid malaria DNA vaccine encoding VR1020-PyMSP119 condensed on the surface of polyethyleneimine (PEI)-coated SPIONs. In vivo mouse studies were done firstly to determine the optimum magnetic vector composition, and then to observe immune responses elicited when magnetic vectors were introduced via different administration routes. Higher serum antibody titers against PyMSP119 were observed with intraperitoneal and intramuscular injections than subcutaneous and intradermal injections. Robust IgG2a and IgG1 responses were observed for intraperitoneal administration, which could be due to the physiology of peritoneum as a major reservoir of macrophages and dendritic cells. Heterologous DNA prime followed by single protein boost vaccination regime also enhanced IgG2a, IgG1, and IgG2b responses, indicating the induction of appropriate memory immunity that can be elicited by protein on recall. These outcomes support the possibility to design superparamagnetic nanoparticle-based DNA vaccines to optimally evoke desired antibody responses, useful for a variety of diseases including malaria.
100 项与 Malaria DNA vaccine(University of Oxford) 相关的药物交易