2019-09-12·International journal of molecular sciences2区 · 生物学
Discontinued Drugs for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease from 2016 to 2018.
2区 · 生物学
作者: Tingting Li ; Sida Jiang ; Bingwei Ni ; Qiuji Cui ; Qinan Liu ; Hongping Zhao
Cardiovascular drug research and development (R&D) has been in active state and continuously attracts attention from the pharmaceutical industry. However, only one individual drug can eventually reach the market from about the 10,000 compounds tested. It would be useful to learn from these failures when developing better strategies for the future. Discontinued drugs were identified from a search performed by Thomson Reuters Integrity. Additional information was sought through PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, and pharmaceutical companies search. Twelve compounds discontinued for cardiovascular disease treatment after reaching Phase I-III clinical trials from 2016 to 2018 are detailed in this manuscript, and the reasons for these failures are reported. Of these, six candidates (MDCO-216, TRV027, ubenimex, sodium nitrite, losmapimod, and bococizumab) were dropped for lack of clinical efficacy, the other six for strategic or unspecified reasons. In total, three candidates were discontinued in Phase I trials, six in Phase II, and three in Phase III. It was reported that the success rate of drug R&D utilizing selection biomarkers is higher. Four candidate developments (OPC-108459, ONO-4232, GSK-2798745, and TAK-536TCH) were run without biomarkers, which could be used as surrogate endpoints in the 12 cardiovascular drugs discontinued from 2016 to 2018. This review will be useful for those involved in the field of drug discovery and development, and for those interested in the treatment of cardiovascular disease.
2016-05-01·Clinical Therapeutics4区 · 医学
First Clinical Experience with ONO-4232: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Healthy Volunteer Study of a Novel Lusitropic Agent for Acutely Decompensated Heart Failure
4区 · 医学
作者: Ward, Caroline L. ; Jamieson, Virginia ; Nabata, Toshiya ; Sharpe, John ; Dozono, Koji ; Suto, Fumitaka ; Hashimoto, Yoshitaka ; Gussak, Ihor
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic parameters of up to 15 dose levels of ONO-4232, a selective agonist for the EP4 subtype of the prostaglandin E2 receptor, with a dual left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory action, in healthy, adult, male and female volunteers.
In this randomized, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, sequential-group escalation, first in human study, ONO-4232 (0.001, 0.003, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.15, 0.18, or 0.27 ng/kg/min) or placebo was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion over 3 hours. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data were collected during dosing and over a period of 3 days (Day -1 to Day 2), and at the follow-up visit (Day 7 [±2 days]).
Fifty-seven subjects received ONO-4232 and 19 subjects received placebo. Ten of the planned 15 cohorts (dose range, 0.001-0.27 ng/kg/min) were conducted. A total of 34 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 23 subjects. Overall, the majority of TEAEs were mild. No serious TEAEs or deaths were reported and no subjects discontinued due to adverse events. The most frequently reported TEAE was infusion site erythema. A decrease in systolic blood pressure from baseline occurred for ONO-4232 subjects compared with placebo that was statistically significant for the 0.08 ng/kg/min dose, and a dose-dependent increase in heart rate starting at 0.04 ng/kg/min and achieving statistical significance compared with placebo at 0.15 ng/kg/min and above. More orthostatic events occurred in the higher-dose groups and the dose escalation was terminated due to increasing occurrences of orthostatic hypotension/intolerance. Plasma concentrations of ONO-4232 reached steady state approximately 2 hours after the start of infusion and then declined rapidly after the end of infusion, and systemic exposure appeared to increase in a dose-proportional manner. Approximately 30% of the administered dose of ONO-4232 was excreted in the urine.
In healthy adults ONO-4232 was generally well tolerated in the dose range of 0.001 to 0.27 ng/kg/min. There were dose-related changes in systolic blood pressure and heart rate. Infusion site erythema, which was likely associated with a venodilatory effect and possible evidence for the pharmacologic effects of ONO-4232, occurred increasingly with increasing dose. Pharmacokinetic parameters appeared to be dose-proportional. The study results support further evaluation of the cardiovascular effects of this first-in-class selective left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory drug in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.