1999-07-01·Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids3区 · 医学
In vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of SB 201993, an eicosanoid-like LTB4 receptor antagonist with anti-inflammatory activity
3区 · 医学
作者: Sarau, H. M. ; Foley, J. J. ; Schmidt, D. B. ; Martin, L. D. ; Webb, E. F. ; Tzimas, M. N. ; Breton, J. J. ; Chabot-Fletcher, M. ; Underwood, D. C. ; Hay, D. W. P. ; Kingsbury, W. D. ; Chambers, P. A. ; Pendrak, I. ; Jakas, D. R. ; Sathe, G. M. ; Van Horn, S. ; Daines, R. A. ; Griswold, D. E.
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 12-(R)-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-[R]-HETE) have been postulated to contribute to the pathophysiology of inflammatory diseases. SB 201993, (E)-3-[[[[6-(2-carboxyethenyl)-5-[[8-(4-methoxyphenyl)octyl] oxy]-2-pyridinyl] methyl] thio] methyl] benzoic acid, identified from a chemical series designed as ring-fused analogs of LTB4, was evaluated as an antagonist of LTB4- and 12-(R)-HETE-induced responses in vitro and for anti-inflammatory activity in vivo. SB 201993 competitively antagonized [3-H]-LTB4 binding to intact human neutrophils (Ki = 7.6 nM) and to membranes of RBL 2H3 cells expressing the LTB4 receptor (RBL 2H3-LTB4R; IC50 = 154 nM). This compound demonstrated competitive antagonism of LTB4- and 12-(R)-HETE-induced Ca2+ mobilization responses in human neutrophils (IC50s of 131 nM and 105 nM, respectively) and inhibited LTB4-induced Ca2+ mobilization in human cultured keratinocytes (IC50 = 61 nM), RBL 2H3-LTB4R cells (IC50 = 255 nM) and mouse neutrophils (IC50 = 410 nM). SB 201993 showed weak LTD4-receptor binding affinity (Ki = 1.9 microM) and inhibited 5-lipoxygenase (IC50 of 3.6 microM), both in vitro and ex vivo. In vivo, SB 201993 inhibited LTB4-induced neutrophil infiltration in mouse skin and produced dose-related, long lasting topical anti-inflammatory activity against the fluid and cellular phases of arachidonic acid-induced mouse ear inflammation (ED50 of 580 microg/ear and 390 microg/ear, respectively). Similarly, anti-inflammatory activity was also observed in the murine phorbol ester-induced cutaneous inflammation model (ED50 of 770 and 730 microg/ear, respectively, against the fluid and cellular phases). These results indicate that SB 201993 blocks the actions of LTB4 and 12-(R)-HETE and inhibits a variety of inflammatory responses; and thus may be a useful compound to evaluate the role of these mediators in disease models.