2023-05-03·European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
Application of rhBMP in spinal fusion surgery: any correlation of cancer incidence? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
作者: Jeremiah Hilkiah Wijaya ; Teddy Tjahyanto ; Roberto Alexi ; Alexander Erick Purnomo ; Louis Rianto ; Yang Yang Endro Arjuna ; Jephtah Furano Lumban Tobing ; Yesaya Yunus ; Ahmad Faried
Safety concerns regarding the application of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been highlighted in recent years. It is noted that both BMP and their receptors being identified as a trigger for cancer growth. Here, we aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of BMP for spinal fusion surgery.
We conducted this systematic review on topics of spinal fusion surgery with rhBMP application from three database (PubMed, EuropePMC, and Clinicaltrials.gov) with MeSH phrases such as "rh-BMP," "rhBMP," "spine surgery," "spinal arthrodesis," and "spinal fusion" were searched (using the Boolean operators "and" and "or"). Our research includes all articles, as long as published in English language. In the face of disagreement between the two reviewers, we discussed it together until all authors reached a consensus. The primary key outcome of our study is the incidence of cancer following rhBMP implantation.
Our study included a total of 8 unique studies (n = 37,682). The mean follow-up varies among all studies, with the longest follow-up is 66 months. Our meta-analysis showed that exposure to rhBMP in spinal surgery did increase the risk of cancers (RR 1.85, 95%CI [1.05, 3.24], p = 0.03).
Our study found that rhBMP was not associated with the increased risk of cancer incidence within the rhBMP cohort. Still, we did face several limitations, in which further studies are needed to confirm the result of our meta-analysis.
2023-03-20·International journal of biological macromolecules
Structural characterization and anti-lipotoxicity effects of a pectin from okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench).
作者: Zhengzheng Liao ; Yuhua Li ; Lihong Liao ; Qing Shi ; Ying Kong ; Jinfang Hu ; Yaojun Cai
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) is rich in various bioactive ingredients and used as a medicinal plant in traditional medicine. In the present study, to find the polysaccharide with anti-lipotoxicity effects from okra and clarify its structure, a pectin OP-1 was purified from okra, which had a backbone containing →4)-α-GalpA-(1 → residues, and 1,5-Ara linked the main chain through the O-3 of the residue →3,4)-α-GalpA-(1→, and the C-6 of residue 1, 4-α-GalpA replaced by methyl ester. In vitro experiments showed that OP-1 pretreatment alleviated oleic acid (OA)-induced lipid accumulation, ROS generation, apoptosis, transaminase leakage, and inflammatory cytokine secretion in HepG2 cells, resulting in reduced lipotoxicity. Further molecular results revealed that OP-1 increased Adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation and affected the expression of AMPK downstream targets, including inhibit SREBP1c and FAS, as well as activate CPT-1A. Impressively, AMPK inhibitor dorsomorphin (Compound C) blocked the effects of OP-1 against lipotoxicity. The effects of OP-1 on lipid metabolism were also diminished by dorsomorphin. Our results demonstrated that OP-1 possesses a potent function in preventing lipotoxicity via regulating AMPK-mediated lipid metabolism and provide a novel insight into the future utilization of okra polysaccharide.
2023-01-20·The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein is a valid alternative to autologous bone graft for long bone non-unions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
To compare the efficacy of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs) and autologous bone graft (ABG) on the healing of long bone non-union.
A systematic literature search was conducted on PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and CNKI up to December 2021. Two authors independently screened the studies, extracted data, and assessed the quality of the trials. A Meta-analysis was performed using state software (version 12.0).
A total of 14 studies were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, there was no significant difference between the rhBMPs group and the ABG group in terms of healing rate (RR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.96-1.12, p = 0.365) and healing time (SMD = -0.31, 95% CI = -0.76-0.14, p = 0.175). Subgroup analysis showed rhBMPs lead to higher healing rates (RR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.17-1.56, p < 0.001), and shorter healing time (SMD = -0.65, 95% CI = -1.08 to -0.22, p = 0.003) in the subgroup of moderate-quality studies. Sensitivity analysis proved that our conclusions were relatively robust. No significant publication bias was recognized in all studies (Begg's test, p = 0.193; Egger's test, p = 0.307).
RhBMPs or combined with allografts bone, inorganic bone was a valid alternative to ABG for the treatment of long bone non-union.