2020-08-01·Applied microbiology and biotechnology3区 · 工程技术
Discovery of a novel analogue of FR901533 and the corresponding biosynthetic gene cluster from Streptosporangium roseum No. 79089.
3区 · 工程技术
作者: Fuchao Xu ; Yonghong Liang ; Jie Ren ; Siyuan Wang ; Jixun Zhan
FR901533 (1, also known as WS79089B), WS79089A (2), and WS79089C (3) are polycyclic aromatic natural products with promising inhibitory activity to endothelin-converting enzymes. In this work, we isolated five tridecaketide products from Streptosporangium roseum No. 79089, including 1-3, benaphthamycin (4) and a novel FR901533 analogue (5). The structure of 5 was characterized based on spectroscopic data. Compared with the major product 2, the new compound 5 has an additional hydroxyl group at C-12 and an extra methyl group at the 13-OH. The configuration of C-19 of these compounds was determined to be R using Mosher's method. A putative biosynthetic gene cluster for compounds 1-5 was discovered by analyzing the genome of S. roseum No. 79089. This 38.6-kb gene cluster contains 38 open reading frames, including a minimal polyketide synthase (wsaA-C), an aromatase (wsaD), three cyclases (wsaE, F, and W), and a series of tailoring enzymes such as monooxygenases (wsaO1-O7) and methyltransferases (wsaM1 and M2). Disruption of the ketosynthase gene (wsaA) in this gene cluster abolished the production of 1-5, confirming that this gene cluster is indeed responsible for the biosynthesis of 1-5. A type II polyketide biosynthetic pathway was proposed for this group of natural endothelin-converting enzyme inhibitors. KEY POINTS: • Five aromatic tridecaketides were isolated from Streptosporangium roseum No. 79089. • A novel FR901533 analogue, 12-hydroxy-13-O-methyl-WS79089A, was characterized. • The absolute configuration of C-19 of FR901533 and analogues was determined. • The biosynthetic gene cluster of FR901533 and analogues was discovered.
2014-12-15·American Journal of Physiology2区 · 医学
The active form of vitamin D, calcitriol, induces a complex dual upregulation of endothelin and nitric oxide in cultured endothelial cells
2区 · 医学
作者: Martinez-Miguel, Patricia ; Valdivielso, Jose Manuel ; Medrano-Andres, Diana ; Roman-Garcia, Pablo ; Cano-Penalver, Jose Luis ; Rodriguez-Puyol, Manuel ; Rodriguez-Puyol, Diego ; Lopez-Ongil, Susana
Despite the presence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in endothelial cells, the effect of vitamin D on endothelial function is unknown. An unbalanced production of vasoactive endothelial factors such as nitric oxide (NO) or endothelin-1 (ET-1) results in endothelial dysfunction, which can alter the normal cardiovascular function. Present experiments were devoted to assess the effect of active vitamin D (calcitriol) on the synthesis of endothelial vasoactive factors. The results were that, in cells, calcitriol increased ET-1 and NO productions, which were measured by ELISA and fluorimetric assay, respectively. Calcitriol also increased endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) and endothelial-nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activities, their mRNA (qPCR), their protein expressions (Western-blot), and their promoter activities (transfection assays). Calcitriol did not change prepro-ET-1 mRNA. The effect was specific to VDR activation because when VDR was silenced by siRNA, the observed effects disappeared. Mechanisms involved in each upregulation differed. ECE-1 upregulation depended on AP-1 activation, whereas eNOS upregulation depended directly on VDR activation. To evaluate the in vivo consequences of acute calcitriol treatment, normal Wistar rats were treated with a single ip injection of 400 ng/kg calcitriol and euthanized 24 h later. Results confirmed those observed in cells, that production and expression of both factors were increased by calcitriol. Besides, calcitriol-treated rats showed a slight rise in mean blood pressure, which decreased when pretreated with FR-901533, an ECE-1 antagonist. We conclude that calcitriol increases the synthesis of both ET-1 and NO in endothelial cells. However, the ET-1 upregulation seems to be biologically more relevant, as animals acutely treated with calcitriol show slight increases in blood pressure.
2009-03-01·Journal of Lipid Research2区 · 生物学
Endothelin-converting enzyme-1 increases in atherosclerotic mice: potential role of oxidized low density lipoproteins
2区 · 生物学
作者: Martinez-Miguel, Patricia ; Raoch, Viviana ; Zaragoza, Carlos ; Valdivielso, Jose Manuel ; Rodriguez-Puyol, Manuel ; Rodriguez-Puyol, Diego ; Lopez-Ongil, Susana
The aim of our study was to analyze the relationships between atherosclerosis and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1). Four-week-old C57BL/6J [wild-type (WT)] and apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE) mice were fed with a standard or Western-type fat diet for 8 wks. ApoE showed atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta, higher blood pressure and vascular lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) protein content than WT. ApoE showed a significant increase in ECE-1 protein content and mRNA expression in aorta, lung, and kidney, without changes in heart. When an ECE-1 inhibitor, FR-901533, was administered to them, blood pressure decreased in apoE on fat diet versus apoE on normal diet and WT. ECE-1 and LOX-1 protein content were elevated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from hypercholesterolemic patients. In order to study the mechanism involved in this ECE-1 up-regulation, bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) were treated with oxidized-low density lipoproteins (oxLDL). OxLDL, but not LDL, increased ECE-1 protein content, mRNA expression and promoter activity. Our results demonstrate that ECE-1 increases in different atherosclerosis situations. Up-regulation of ECE-1 could contribute, at least partially, to the development of hypertension seen in apoE mice, because FR-901533 avoided it. Probably, atherosclerotic situations course with an increase of oxLDL, which is able to induce ECE-1 expression with the subsequent potential pathological effects.