Nocardia rubra cell-wall skeleton activates an immune response in cervical tissue via stimulating FPR3 to enhance dendritic cell-mediated Th1 differentiation.
作者: Qianyu Guo ; Wei Chen ; Junyi Sun ; Chunfang Zhao ; Xue Bai ; Yanan Zhang ; Ke Liu ; Lei Zhang ; Suxia Shao
Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (Nr-CWS) has proven to be a successful medicine for therapy of cervical human papillomavirus infection. The mechanism of action of Nr-CWS is unclear but may involve a stimulatory effect on the host immune system. We previously found that CD4+ T cells were increased in cervical tissue after Nr-CWS treatment. Microarray data from these cervical tissues revealed the significant upregulation of formylated peptide receptor 3 (FPR3). This study aimed to explore the role of Nr-CWS in immunomodulatory based on these findings. Examination of CD4+ T cell subsets in cervical tissue from patients who received Nr-CWS revealed substantial increases in Th1 cytokines and transcription factors. The regulatory effects of Nr-CWS on the function and phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs) were assessed in comparison with the traditional DC maturation inducer lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Similar to LPS, Nr-CWS potently induced DC maturation and interleukin-12 (IL-12) secretion. Differentiation of T cells induced by Nr-CWS stimulated DCs was assessed using the mixed lymphocyte reaction assay. Significant differentiation towards Th1 was evident. Finally, FPR3 expression in DCs in response to Nr-CWS and LPS was measured. Nr-CWS potently upregulated FPR3 expression, while the LPS did not. Silencing FPR3 in DCs reduced Nr-CWS-induced IL-12 production and Th1 cell polarization in co-cultured T cells. The collective findings indicate that Nr-CWS may target FPR3 on the surface of DC cells and activate a Th1-type immune response. The findings clarify the basis of the antiviral immune effects of Nr-CWS on human papillomavirus.
Creeping Wood Sorrel and Chromium Picolinate Effect on the Nutritional Composition and Lipid Oxidative Stability of Broiler Meat.
2区 · 医学
作者: Mihaela Saracila ; Arabela Elena Untea ; Tatiana Dumitra Panaite ; Iulia Varzaru ; Alexandra Oancea ; Raluca Paula Turcu ; Petru Alexandru Vlaicu
The study investigates the efficacy of Cr in broilers, aiming to evaluate the effects of Chromium picolinate (CrPic) in association with creeping wood sorrel powder (CWS) on the proximate composition, fatty acids profile, bioactive nutrients and lipid oxidative stability of broiler meat. A total of 120 Cobb 500 chickens were assigned into three treatments: a control diet (C) and two test diets, including 200 µg/kg diet CrPic (E1), and 200 µg/kg diet CrPic +10 g CWS/kg diet (E2). Dietary supplementation with Cr + CWS significantly improved the concentration of n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), while its n - 6/n - 3 ratio decreased in comparison to the group receiving Cr and the conventional diet. The concentration of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) significantly increased in the breast meat collected from the E2 group than that from the C group. Dietary administration of Cr and CWS improved lutein and zeaxanthin content, decreased Fe and Zn levels of the breast, and increased Zn deposition in the thigh samples. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration decreased more in the thigh meat of the supplemental groups (E1, E2) than in that from the C group. In conclusion, the current study suggests that Cr together with CWS can be a viable option as antioxidant sources for broiler diets, promoting the nutritional quality of meat.
2022-01-21·International journal of molecular sciences2区 · 生物学
Early Intervention of Cold-Water Swimming on Functional Recovery and Spinal Pain Modulation Following Brachial Plexus Avulsion in Rats.
2区 · 生物学
作者: Yueh-Ling Hsieh ; Nian-Pu Yang ; Shih-Fong Chen ; Yu-Lin Lu ; Chen-Chia Yang
Brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) causes peripheral nerve injury complications with motor and sensory dysfunction of the upper limb. Growing evidence has shown an active role played by cold-water swimming (CWS) in alleviating peripheral neuropathic pain and functional recovery. This study examined whether CWS could promote functional recovery and pain modulation through the reduction of neuroinflammation and microglial overactivation in dorsal horn neurons at the early-stage of BPA. After BPA surgery was performed on rats, they were assigned to CWS or sham training for 5 min twice a day for two weeks. Functional behavioral responses were tested before and after BPA surgery, and each week during training. Results after the two-week training program showed significant improvements in BPA-induced motor and sensory loss (p < 0.05), lower inflammatory cell infiltration, and vacuole formation in injured nerves among the BPA-CWS group. Moreover, BPA significantly increased the expression of SP and IBA1 in dorsal horn neurons (p < 0.05), whereas CWS prevented their overexpression in the BPA-CWS group. The present findings evidenced beneficial rehabilitative effects of CWS on functional recovery and pain modulation at early-stage BPA. The beneficial effects are partially related to inflammatory suppression and spinal modulation. The synergistic role of CWS combined with other management approaches merits further investigation.