The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 with temozolomide (TMZ) against melanoma in mice.
Seventy-eight mice with subcutaneous injection of A375 cells (2 × 10(6)) into the right flank were randomized to receive phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Ki67-ZD55, Ki67-ZD55-IL-24, TMZ, TMZ + Ki67-ZD55, and TMZ + Ki67-ZD55-IL-24. Six mice were killed in each group 10 days after intervention for detecting IL-24 mRNA and protein expression. The remaining mice were monitored to draw the body weight change curve and tumor growth curve, and killed 30 days after intervention. Tumors were excised and weighted. The morphology of tumor tissues was determined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and the apoptosis index and rate of apoptotic cells were determined by TUNEL assay and AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining, respectively.
The Ki67-ZD55-IL-24-treated group generated much more reactive oxygen species than the untreated group. There was no significant difference in IL-24 expression between Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 and TMZ + Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 groups. Immunohistochemical analysis and Western blot revealed that both the Ki67-ZD55 and Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 could significantly reduce the expression of MGMT. Toxicity assessments demonstrated that mice in the three groups that received TMZ exhibited significant body weight loss following treatment. HE staining showed that TMZ + Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 group had much fewer karyokinesis in the tumors, compared with other groups. The apoptosis index of tumor tissues and the rate of apoptotic cells were significantly higher in TMZ + Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 group than in other groups (all P < 0.05).
These findings indicate this novel strategy holds promising potentials for treatment of malignant melanoma.
2014-05-13·British Journal of Cancer1区 · 医学
Potent anti-tumour activity of a novel conditionally replicating adenovirus for melanoma via inhibition of migration and invasion
1区 · 医学
作者: Jiang, G. ; Yang, C.-S. ; Xu, D. ; Sun, C. ; Zheng, J.-N. ; Lei, T.-C. ; Liu, Y.-Q.
Conditionally replicating adenoviruses (CRAds) represent a novel class of oncological therapeutic agents. One strategy to ensure tumour targeting is to place the essential viral genes under the control of tumour-specific promoters. Ki67 has been selected as a cancer gene therapy target, as it is expressed in most malignant cells but is barely detectable in most normal cells. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a Ki67 promoter-controlled CRAd (Ki67-ZD55-IL-24) on the proliferation and apoptosis of melanoma cells.
Melanoma cells were independently treated with Ki67-ZD55-IL-24, ZD55-IL-24, Ki67-ZD55, and ZD55-EGFP. The cytotoxic potential of each treatment was assessed using cell viability measurements. Cell migration and invasion were assayed using cell migration and invasion assays. Apoptosis was assayed using the annexin V-FITC assay, western blotting, reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR), haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and the TUNEL assay.
Our results showed that Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 had significantly enhanced anti-tumour activity as it more effectively induced apoptosis in melanoma cells than the other agents. Ki67-ZD55-IL-24 also caused the most significant inhibition of cell migration and invasion of melanoma cells. Furthermore, apoptosis was induced more effectively in melanoma xenografts in nude mice.
This strategy holds promising potential for the further development of an effective approach to treat malignant melanoma.
A dual-regulated oncolytic adenovirus expressing interleukin-24 sensitizes melanoma cells to temozolomide via the induction of apoptosis
Malignant melanoma is one of the most lethal and aggressive human malignancies. Suppressed apoptosis and extraordinary invasiveness are the distinctive features that contribute to malignant melanoma. The alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) is one of the most effective single chemotherapeutic agents for patients with malignant melanoma, but resistance develops quickly and with high frequency. We constructed a dual-regulated oncolytic adenovirus expressing interleukin 24 (IL-24) gene (Ki67-ZD55-IL-24) by utilizing the Ki67 promoter to replace the native viral promoter of E1A gene. We investigated whether a combination of Ki67-ZD55-IL-24-mediated gene virotherapy and chemotherapy using TMZ produces increased cytotoxicity against human melanoma cells via the induction of apoptosis. Our data indicate that this novel strategy thus holds promising potentials for further developing an effective approach to treat malignant melanoma.