2023-10-18·Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Acetyltransferases CBP/p300 control transcriptional switch of β-catenin and Stat1 promoting osteoblast differentiation.
作者: Linlin Zhang ; Kecheng Zhu ; Jingzun Xu ; Xiaojing Chen ; Chunxiang Sheng ; Deng Zhang ; Yuying Yang ; Lihao Sun ; Hongyan Zhao ; Xiao Wang ; Bei Tao ; Libin Zhou ; Jianmin Liu
CBP (CREBBP) and p300 (EP300) are multifunctional histone acetyltransferases (HATs) with extensive homology. Germline mutations of CBP or p300 cause skeletal abnormalities in humans and mice. However, the precise roles of CBP/p300 in bone homeostasis remain elusive. Here, we report that conditional knockout of CBP or p300 in osteoblasts results in reduced bone mass and strength due to suppressed bone formation. The HAT activity is further confirmed to be responsible for CBP/p300-mediated osteogenesis using A-485, a selective inhibitor of CBP/p300 HAT. Mechanistically, CBP/p300 HAT governs osteogenic gene expression in part through transcriptional activation of β-catenin and inhibition of Stat1. Furthermore, acetylation of histone H3K27 and the transcription factor Foxo1 are demonstrated to be involved in CBP/p300 HAT-regulated β-catenin and Stat1 transcription, respectively. Taken together, these data identify acetyltransferases CBP/p300 as critical regulators that promote osteoblast differentiation and reveal an epigenetic mechanism responsible for maintaining bone homeostasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
2023-07-06·Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)
Histone acetyltransferase P300 deficiency promotes ferroptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells by activating the HIF-1α/HMOX1 axis.
作者: Juan Shi ; Qun-Hui Wang ; Xiang Wei ; Bo Huo ; Jian-Nan Ye ; Xin Yi ; Xin Feng ; Ze-Min Fang ; Ding-Sheng Jiang ; Ming-Jia Ma
E1A-associated 300-kDa protein (P300), an endogenous histone acetyltransferase, contributes to modifications of the chromatin landscape of genes involved in multiple cardiovascular diseases. Ferroptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a novel pathological mechanism of aortic dissection. However, whether P300 regulates VSMC ferroptosis remains unknown.
Cystine deprivation (CD) and imidazole ketone erastin (IKE) were used to induce VSMC ferroptosis. Two different knockdown plasmids targeting P300 and A-485 (a specific inhibitor of P300) were used to investigate the function of P300 in the ferroptosis of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). Cell counting kit-8, lactate dehydrogenase and flow cytometry with propidium iodide staining were performed to assess the cell viability and death under the treatment of CD and IKE. BODIPY-C11 assay, immunofluorescence staining of 4-hydroxynonenal and malondialdehyde assay were conducted to detect the level of lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation was utilized to explore the interaction between P300 and HIF-1α, HIF-1α and P53.
Compared with normal control, the protein level of P300 was significantly decreased in HASMCs treated with CD and IKE, which was largely nullified by the ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostatin-1 but not by the autophagy inhibitor or apoptosis inhibitor. Knockdown of P300 by short-hairpin RNA or inhibition of P300 activity by A-485 promoted CD- and IKE-induced HASMC ferroptosis, as evidenced by a reduction in cell viability and aggravation of lipid peroxidation of HASMCs. Furthermore, we found that hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1) pathway was responsible for the impacts of P300 on ferroptosis of HASMCs. The results of co-immunoprecipitation demonstrated that P300 and P53 competitively bound HIF-1α to regulate the expression of HMOX1. Under normal conditions, P300 interacted with HIF-1α to inhibit HMOX1 expression, while reduced expression of P300 induced by ferroptosis inducers would favor HIF-1α binding to P53 to trigger HMOX1 overexpression. Furthermore, the aggravated effects of P300 knockdown on HASMC ferroptosis were largely nullified by HIF-1α knockdown or the HIF-1α inhibitor BAY87-2243.
Thus, our results revealed that P300 deficiency or inactivation facilitated CD- and IKE-induced VSMC ferroptosis by activating the HIF-1α/HMOX1 axis, which may contribute to the development of diseases related to VSMC ferroptosis.
2023-01-12·Cancer biology & medicine
Acetylated-PPARγ expression is regulated by different P53 genotypes associated with the adipogenic differentiation of polyploid giant cancer cells with daughter cells.
作者: Kexin Zhang ; Xiaohui Yang ; Minying Zheng ; Yidi Ning ; Shiwu Zhang
Polyploid giant cancer cells (PGCCs) with daughter cells express epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated proteins. Highly malignant tumor cells with EMT properties can transdifferentiate into mature tumor cells. In this study, we elucidated the potential for, and underlying mechanism of, adipogenic differentiation of PGCCs with daughter cells (PDCs).
Cobalt chloride was used to induce PGCC formation in HEY (wild-type P53) and MDA-MB-231 (mutant P53) cells; these cells were then cultured in adipogenic differentiation medium. Oil red O staining was used to confirm adipogenic differentiation, and the cell cycle was detected with flow cytometry. The expression of adipogenic differentiation-associated proteins and P300 histone acetyltransferase activity were compared before and after adipogenic differentiation. Animal xenograft models were used to confirm the adipogenic differentiation of PDCs.
PDCs transdifferentiated into functional adipocytes. Two different cell cycle distributions were observed in PDCs after adipogenic differentiation. The expression levels of PPARγ, Ace-PPARγ, and Ace-P53 were higher in PDCs after adipogenic differentiation than in cells before adipogenic differentiation. Ace-PPARγ and FABP4 expression increased in HEY cells and decreased in MDA-MB-231 PDCs after p53 knockdown. A485 treatment increased Ace-P53, Ace-PPARγ, and FABP4 expression in HEY PDCs by inhibiting SUMOylation of P53. In MDA-MB-231 PDCs, A485 treatment decreased Ace-P53, Ace-PPARγ, and FABP4 expression. Animal experiments also confirmed the adipogenic differentiation of PDCs.
Acetylation of P53 and PPARγ plays an important role in the adipogenic differentiation of PDCs.