A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Single Ascending Dose Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of E6742 in Healthy Adult Subjects
Study E6742-A001-001 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose study conducted to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single ascending oral doses of E6742 in healthy adult participants.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in multiple organs. A few treatments for SLE currently exist, including antimalarials, glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, and two recently approved antibody agents; however, an unmet medical need remains for SLE. In addition, developing new drugs targeting SLE is a challenge since no specific biomarkers exist for the prediction of disease progression or drug response. A new drug candidate, E6742, is a specific antagonist of the toll-like receptors 7/8. To address the challenges for drug development in SLE, the process of developing E6742 utilizes a unique system of the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), the Cyclic Innovation for Clinical Empowerment (CiCLE) program. In the CiCLE program, a Phase 1 study in healthy adults was completed (NCT04683185) and a Phase 1/2 study in patients with SLE is on-going (NCT05278663). One of the potential benefits of this program is to conduct academia-led clinical research to identify specific biomarkers for E6742 in parallel with clinical studies (UMIN000042037). The aim of this review is to present current progress within the strategic collaboration of the AMED CiCLE program that optimize clinical development for patients with SLE.
2023-08-04·European journal of pharmacology
A novel Toll-like receptor 7/8-specific antagonist E6742 Ameliorates clinically relevant disease parameters in murine models of lupus.
The sensing of self RNA by the endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 8 initiates pathogenic mechanisms underlying the autoimmune disease lupus. A blockade of the TLR7/8 signals may, therefore, be a novel therapeutic intervention for lupus. To test the hypothesis, a novel compound E6742 that blocks TLR7/8 activation was identified. The mode of action of E6742 was investigated by analysis of the tertiary structure of TLR7 and 8 in complex with E6742. The in vitro activities of the compound were examined in cellular systems and its therapeutic potential was evaluated in murine lupus models. Tertiary structures of the extracellular domain of TLR7 and 8 in complex with E6742 showed that E6 742 binds specifically and non-covalently to the hydrophobic pocket located at the interface of TLR7 or TLR8 homodimers. E6742 potently and selectively inhibited several TLR7/8-mediated cytokine responses in human PBMC. In two mouse models of lupus, oral dosing of E6742 after the onset of disease suppressed increase in autoantibodies and blocked the advance of organ damage. Collectively, the data show that TLR7/8 activation contributes to disease progression and its blocking by E6742 has potential as a therapeutic intervention for lupus.
2022-10-11·Clinical pharmacology in drug development
First-in-Human Study of the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of E6742, a Dual Antagonist of Toll-like Receptors 7 and 8, in Healthy Volunteers.
The first-in-human phase I study for E6742, a dual toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 and TLR8 antagonist, has been conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of E6742 in healthy volunteers. In a single ascending dose (SAD) study, 42 subjects received 10-800 mg of E6742 in the fasted state, as well as a 100-mg cohort in the fed state for evaluating the effect of food. In a multiple ascending dose (MAD) study, 18 subjects received 100-400 mg of E6742 twice daily for 7 days. E6742 was rapidly absorbed with a median tmax ranging from 1.50 to 2.50 hours across dose groups under the fasted condition, and eliminated with a median t½ ranging from 2.37 to 14.4 hours. After multiple oral doses, a steady state was reached by day 7. In the SAD study, dose proportionality was observed for Cmax , AUC(0-t) , and AUC(0-inf) values of E6742 up to 800 mg, but these values were slightly less than dose proportional at 10 mg. In the MAD study, the Cmax and AUC(0-12h)ss of E6742 appeared to be almost dose proportionally increased between 100 and 200 mg, while these parameters showed more than a dose proportional increase at 400 mg. In addition to safety and good tolerability, this study demonstrated cytokine concentrations in cultured peripheral blood in response to E6742 were suppressed in a dose-dependent manner. Further clinical studies targeting systemic lupus erythematosus patients are currently underway.