更新于:2024-05-01

caspase 3

半胱天冬酶-3

基本信息

别名
半胱氨酸天冬氨酸蛋白酶3、Apopain、CASP-3
+ [15]
简介
Thiol protease that acts as a major effector caspase involved in the execution phase of apoptosis (PubMed:7596430, PubMed:18723680, PubMed:20566630, PubMed:23650375, PubMed:35338844, PubMed:35446120). Following cleavage and activation by initiator caspases (CASP8, CASP9 and/or CASP10), mediates execution of apoptosis by catalyzing cleavage of many proteins (PubMed:7596430, PubMed:18723680, PubMed:20566630, PubMed:23650375). At the onset of apoptosis, it proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase PARP1 at a '216-Asp-|-Gly-217' bond (PubMed:7774019, PubMed:7596430, PubMed:10497198, PubMed:16374543). Cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) between the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper domain and the membrane attachment domain (By similarity). Cleaves and activates caspase-6, -7 and -9 (PubMed:7596430). Involved in the cleavage of huntingtin (PubMed:8696339). Triggers cell adhesion in sympathetic neurons through RET cleavage (PubMed:21357690). Cleaves and inhibits serine/threonine-protein kinase AKT1 in response to oxidative stress (PubMed:23152800). Acts as an inhibitor of type I interferon production during virus-induced apoptosis by mediating cleavage of antiviral proteins CGAS, IRF3 and MAVS, thereby preventing cytokine overproduction (PubMed:30878284). Also involved in pyroptosis by mediating cleavage and activation of gasdermin-E (GSDME) (PubMed:35446120, PubMed:35338844). Cleaves XRCC4 and phospholipid scramblase proteins XKR4, XKR8 and XKR9, leading to promote phosphatidylserine exposure on apoptotic cell surface (PubMed:23845944, PubMed:33725486).

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